Bitcoin- An Easy Guide For Beginners

Are you trying to know about Bitcoin right from the beginning? Or are you probably looking for a piece of information that explains bitcoin’s technical details so you can get it?

Well, you have reached the right place. This article covers up all the essential details about bitcoin so that you can use it easily and understand how it can profit you. This guide also tells you about the pros and cons of bitcoin.

bitcoin-introduction

What is Bitcoin?

Alright, so you might have heard the name bitcoin number of times, but what exactly is it? Well, it is a virtual currency that is used among individuals electronically.  It is a peer to peer system which does not consist of any specific or central control. It is different from regular currencies in the sense of tangibility. It cannot be printed and does not consist of a particular or limited amount.

This is a new and creative payment process that reduces the requirement of a central network that ensures safe and secure transactions. It is designed to facilitate trustless payments between two unknown parties on the internet located anywhere across the globe.

This digital currency allows explicitly different individuals who hardly know and cannot trust each other to make transactions in the same manner as if they are exchanging money back and forth as it happens in real life. Bitcoins include a toll called public-key encryption that allows different individuals to get transaction messages very fast. Individuals can also search for the amount of data used for the payment process.

What is the working mechanism of bitcoin?

As mentioned above, this is a virtual currency, and which is why it is entirely digital and known to be self-contained and has an enclosed value. If you own a bitcoin, you do not have to go to the banks to withdraw or deposit any money. After individuals own bitcoins, they are pretty valuable, sometimes even valuable, as pieces of gold and can be traded off whenever you want.

You can literally use a bitcoin like a property, which means buying it earlier and later selling it when its value increases in the market. It has actually become the source of income for many individuals across the globe.

You get a personal wallet through which you can trade, sell, or buy bitcoin easily. Do you have any idea on how to trade with bitcoins? This personal wallet works as a storehouse for all the detailed information about your bitcoin, which can be accessed on any of your devices such as phones, tablets, personal computers, etc. It is very easy to use. It is a database in itself. You can invest in bitcoins through bitcointalkshow.com

How can you own a bitcoin?

You can own bitcoin in various ways. Mentioned here are some easy ways you can own the bitcoin.

  • Through exchange- Bitcoins can be bought through exchanging digital or cryptocurrencies and through regular fiat money as well.
  • Real Money- It can be bought using actual money.
  • Direct buying- This is by far the easiest way to own bitcoin. You can buy bitcoins directly from another person who uses bitcoin. There are different tools like Bitquick or Bisq, to aid the process.
  • Mining- It is an uncommon and not so easy way to get Bitcoins because it is very high in cost and needs technical expertise. However, it means adding more bitcoins to the circulation process.
  • Selling stuff- You can even buy bitcoin by selling things which equal to bitcoin’s value at the point of time.
  • Generate- Bitcoins can also be generated or created by using a computer of your own.

 Advantages of bitcoin

  • It aids safe and secure transactions. The payment can be made from anywhere you want to whoever you want without fear of the potential expense of a purchase.
  • It does not reveal a person’s identity, which makes it safe from the risk of identity thefts and fraud.
  • Like property and gold, the bitcoin’s value keeps changing and might provide you a lot of profit if the value increases.
  • You no longer have to worry about the banking hassle with bitcoin.

Disadvantages of bitcoin

  • Being volatile, it might cause a lot of losses.
  • Hackers always got their eyes on the bitcoins.
  • There is no refund policy.

10 Best Lumbar Support Office Chairs

The modern world has captivated humans to sit in front of their computers and work like a machine. Endless hours are spent in the sitting position, which tends to be extremely harmful to the back. On the other hand, if we are not working, we are either driving, watching Netflix for straight 5 hours or are indulged in gaming. No matter what we are doing, we are spending a lot of time in the sitting position.

This sheer amount of time that is being spent in this position can do a lot to our bodies, without us realizing it. Majority of people suffer from intense back pain, and they all know that this pain is nothing close to a joke. If it gets severe with time (which it does), your back makes it impossible for you to attend to several crucial tasks.

But, if you are serious about your back pain and want to save your body from harm, then you can invest in good lumbar support chairs. You can either get lumbar support cushions separately or just buy a chair that comes with one. For entrepreneurs who are setting up their offices; please make sure that you are providing your employees with high-quality chairs as they will be working for you. Slight discomfort in their back can result in several issues.

A good chair is the only thing that can save you from trouble. Here, in this piece of article, we have summed up the top 10 best lumbar support office chairs that you can invest in. These are indisputably the best and most comfortable office chairs to rely upon. Let’s get right into them, shall we?

1. LANGRIA Mesh Office Chair, Ergonomic Mid-Back Design, Swivel Computer Chair

LANGRIA Mesh ergonomic office chair steals the show with its excellence and comfort and tops the list of the best lumbar support chairs. It comes with the lumbar support, so you do not need to invest in a cushion for this purpose. The pre-installed lumbar support ensures unusual posture and great alignment for the spine too. It comes in a very decent black colour and style which is perfect for all kinds of offices.

Another fantastic feature about this chair is that its mesh back is exceptionally breathable. The padded seat is also very comfortable, which makes it pain-free to sit on it for hours. The 360-degree swivel allows you to be flexible, and its stability is outclassed too. With all the right features and the excellence of comfort it offers; LANGRIA is the top best lumbar support chair to buy.

2. Furmax Mid Back Lumbar Office Chair

Furmax brings you a tremendous lumbar office chair within $100, and this is by far, the most affordable option that Furmax has to offer to its clients. There are several reasons why it is among the top best chairs. First, it allows you to adjust the height of your chair so that your feet can be on the ground firmly. The backrest is made up of mesh and is breathable.

Best of all, the lumbar support is outstanding. It supports your lower back so amazingly that sitting for hours becomes as easy as pie. Furthermore, the quality is incredible according to the price tag.

3. Jumei Adjustable High Back Mesh Executive Desk Chair

Jumei’s high back mesh executive chair hits the top list because it offers three best features. The lumbar support, height adjustment and overall adjustability options are the winners. The lumbar support is excellent as it gives a very natural curve to your spine. The mesh is extremely breathable, and you will thank Jumei for creating this during summers. You can also flip the armrests as they are not fixed. This is a really cool feature as most of the chairs don’t allow you to do this.

4. BestOffice Ergonomic Home Office Chair

This chair is not a mesh chair but guys, this is so comfortable that it has to be one of the best ones. The backrest and the seat are composed of PU leather, which is incredibly soft and profoundly satisfying. The lumbar support ensures extra comfort and the double pillow headrest is undoubtedly the scene-stealer here. It is a swivel chair which makes it perfect for home and office both as you can manage several tasks with ease.

5. Homall Gaming Ergonomic Chair

Being a gamer, you can understand the amount of pain your upper and lower back have to go through. However, Homall releases this and has one of the best lumbar support chairs for all gamers. The design is super cool, and the comfort level is also impeccable. From comfortable padding to the significant lower back lumbar support; everything is top-notch in this chair. You won’t regret buying this one at all as it is within 100 USD.

6. AmazonBasics High-Back Executive Swivel Chair

There is nothing special about the design of the chair, but it has been designed to “feel” comfortable and enjoyable. It is simple in outlook but offers you great support at the back and for the arms too, which makes it easier to sit for longer hours. It has a good backrest and comes with the height adjustment feature also. However, this chair does not come with lumbar support. You will have to invest in one. But it is incredibly comfortable. So you can buy it without a doubt.

7. Herman Miller Embody Chair

Herman Miller Embody Chair has been a hit for the office goers, and people have adored it a lot too. It comes with lumbar support, which provides incredible alignment to the spine. This also reduces the pressure on the lower back, making it easier to sit for longer hours. The entire material of the chair is exceptionally breathable, which makes it comfortable during the summers. The manufacturers promise that it stimulates proper oxygen and blood flow throughout the body as well.

8. Flash Furniture Executive Swivel Chair

This is another incredible choice to make if you are buying lumbar support office chair under 100USD. Flash Furniture is offering all the necessary and amazing features that anyone would need in a budget-friendly chair. It has lumbar support which provides spine alignment and pressure-free seating. The adjustable headrest makes the chair even more amazing. This is a mesh chair, and it is highly breathable. It allows for excellent ventilation and promotes proper blood flow as well.

9. Wang Grey Swivel Chair

Speaking of style, this is definitely a show stopper. It sets an example of uniqueness as it breaks through the regular mesh and leather outlook. DJ. Wang comes with an ergonomic fabric which feels great and is very breathable too. Above all, it looks super stylish also. The lumbar support and backrest ensure fantastic comfort and ease of sitting for long hours. The chair is built up of a durable metal base and is stable. It doesn’t have a great height, but it is excellent for average height people.

 

10. ProErgo Ergonomic Kneeling Chair

If you have troubles with the regular styled office chairs, then this is a quick fix to this. ProErgo kneeling chair is undoubtedly different from regular chairs but does offer the same level of comfort. However, as this chair is without the backrest, it doesn’t have lumbar support. But, this is the magic of this chair. It is designed perfectly to ensure that it gives you the perfect posture just like lumbar support does. So you don’t feel the absence of it at all. Your spine and your lower back are free of pressure, and it offers excellent seating posture too. If you are looking for variety, then this is an excellent choice to make.

Why is Lumbar Support Important?

Ergonomic chairs are the ones that come with lumbar support, most often. They are critical these days as we have to spend long hours in sitting posture. If our position is not right, we will end up with severe upper and lower back issues, which will reduce our productivity with time. Therefore, ergonomic chairs or lumbar support office chairs are the saviours. They are innovated to provide fantastic support to the back and ensure perfect spine alignment too. This decreases the pressure on the lower back as well.

Conclusion

We have summed up some of the best ten lumbar support office chairs for you all. These are budget-friendly and won’t cost you a fortune. Keeping your health as your top priority, make sure that you invest in an excellent lumbar support office chair. We all know the cost that we might have to pay at the end of some years if we don’t have a good sitting posture.

Lumbar support offers you spine alignment, pressure-free seating and perfect posture. These three elements are the key to a healthier back and spine. Invest in any of the chairs mentioned above, and you won’t regret it at all. They are all worth every dime you spend on them and are incredibly budget-friendly too.

Bitcoin: The World’s Fastest-Growing Cryptocurrency

Bitcoin is a cryptocurrency (or digital currency) that allows instant payment to anyone and anywhere. Bitcoin was invented in 2007 by ‘Satoshi Nakamoto,’ and it started working on its pre-stage in 2009. In the beginning, it was used as ‘open-source software’. Bitcoin is a digital currency that doesn’t belong to a central bank or any single administrator can be sent one user to another through peer-to-peer bitcoin networks without intermediaries like banks and other money transfer methods. Bitcoin is like real currency; it can buy anything on the internet just like the real money does. Find Crypto Exchange Australia compared the top ones and found that Bitcoin, Tether and Binance Coin are the top-3 cryptocurrencies with the highest market capitalization.

bitcoin-introduction

How does bitcoin work?

For a new user, it’s pretty much like how an Email works, and it works just like that. In Email, a person sends data to another person, similarly in bitcoin data, replaces digital money. You need to install a personal bitcoin wallet on your mobile or computer, and then it will generate your first bitcoin address. You can also have more than one address as you need. You disclose your address to your friends so they can pay you. Bitcoin addresses should be used only once, and then you have to add a new address.

How safe are bitcoins transactions?

Bitcoin transactions are recorded by a public ledger called ‘blockchain.’ Blockchain is the starting process of transactions in bitcoin. Bitcoins wallets keep hidden data, called a private key or seed, which is used to sign transactions. Also, it used to provide a mathematical proof that they came from their owner’s wallet. This proves how secure the bitcoin transaction is. All transactions are broadcast to the network through a process called bitcoin mining. If you are looking for any small business ideas, bitcoin trading is something that you can try.

What is Mining?

It is a distributed consensus system which uses to confirm pending transactions by including them in the blockchain. To preserve the neutrality of the network, mining enforces a chronological order in the blockchain and allows different devices to agree on the state of the system. You can invest in bitcoins using the online bitcoin trading website bitcoinsystem.app/de

To be sure, the transaction must be packed in a block with stringent rules that are required to be verified by the specific network. These rules prevent previous blocks from being modified because doing this would invalidate all the subsequent blocks. These blocks connect to other blocks and make the blockchain. Bitcoin transactions are completed securely by this process.

crytpomining

Merits of bitcoin

1. Fast peer to peer transaction

Bitcoin is open-source, its design is public, nobody owns and controls Bitcoin, and everyone can take part in it. It is merely a person to person money transfer which is fast and trustable.

2. Worldwide payments

Hundreds of merchants accept bitcoins payments. You can purchase any item from it and also earn bitcoins from selling items. It is like an international currency. Paying bitcoin to someone who is in another country is as easy as paying someone in the streets.

3. A higher value is relative to other cryptocurrencies

Have look on Crypto Head to know that the bitcoin has the most potent and stable value compared to any other digital currency at this time. This allows individuals to keep their original cost when converting to fiat currencies such as U.S. dollars and euro.

4. Low processing fees

Bitcoin comes with lower transaction fees compare to other digital payment methods such as credit cards and PayPal. Another digital payment method transaction cost is more than 2% or 3%; on the other hand, the bitcoins transaction value is more than 1% of its value.

Demerits of Bitcoin

1. Black market activity

Bitcoin is always attractive to criminals and grey market participants. It is always assumed that corrupt people hide their black money through bitcoin. Black Money can lead to a significant misuse of bitcoin.

2. No refunds or chargebacks

All credit card companies and traditional online processors have a policy for chargebacks or refunds, but bitcoin didn’t have this facility. If you order something and the seller never delivers the product, users can’t request a refund through bitcoin. This feature is yet to be built into bitcoin. In addition, the value of a currency is volatile, which might cause loss or profit both.

3. Always popular in hackers

Since bitcoin is the world’s most famous cryptocurrency, it faces more share of scams, fraud, and attacks than any other standard cryptocurrency do.

4. Negative environmental impact

Bitcoin mining causes environmental degradation. Blockchain companies consumes vast amounts of electricity. Big bitcoin mining companies use electricity from dirty coal plants, which makes routinely horrific smog, which makes a harmful environment for living beings.

Is Bitcoin Even Safe Now?

Blockchain technology is here to stay. Countries all across the world, notably the United States and the European Union, have made efforts to enable the use of these instruments under financial and tax laws and rules. A more cautious approach may be seen in China and other nations. Due to worries regarding price volatility and the possibility for money laundering and criminal activities, several other governments have taken steps to curb their usage.

Companies including gaming platform Steam have stopped accepting bitcoin payments because of its erratic value. However, its usage is growing in popularity, especially among the millennial population, since big corporations such as Microsoft, PayPal, Overstock, and Tesla accept bitcoin payments https://bitcoin-bankbreaker.com/ .

Merchants gain from reduced transaction costs and no chargebacks with bitcoin compared to credit card processors’ 2 percent to 3 percent. With Bitcoin, there is no need to disclose any personal information, such as a name or address. This is a major advantage for clients. By doing so, you protect your personal information and lessen the risk of it being stolen.

is bitcoin safe

Is Bitcoin safe?

Bitcoin is protected against theft by a variety of factors. The mechanisms that underlie bitcoin’s generation and transmission are secure because they are protected by cryptography. There is no single point of failure in Bitcoin’s usage of a distributed ledger technology (DLT), usually known as the blockchain, which provides owners with an auditable record of all their transactions.

Because of the decentralised ledger technology (DLT) used by Bitcoin, all transactions are transparent to the public, but the parties involved in the transactions remain anonymous, eliminating the risk of a data breach.

However, despite the capabilities of DLT and blockchain, attackers continue to target weaknesses in crypto-exchanges and crypto-wallets, the software used to store bitcoin on computers and smartphones and to make payments and swap cryptocurrencies for other digital or traditional currencies.

For the most part, crypto-exchanges and -wallets do not provide the same level of assurance and security as a bank. Even as the value of a bitcoin has risen, so has the amount of viruses and cyber assaults aimed at stealing the currency from users’ accounts, as well. Attacks may be profitable with the value of a bitcoin ranging between $29,000 and $63,000 thus far in 2021. Rather of concentrating their efforts on banks and other big financial institutions, hackers have begun targeting crypto-exchanges. One assault on the KuCoin exchange in February of this year resulted in a theft of $281 million worth of cryptocurrencies and 510,000 user logins totaling $293 million, according to Atlas VPN.

Cyberattacks known as “cryptojacking,” in which malware hijacks a computer’s power and resources in order to mine for cryptocurrency, continue to plague the online community.

It is imperative that bitcoin be used safely and securely as its popularity grows.

How to keep bitcoin wallets safe and sound

Cryptocurrency wallets continue to improve in security despite an increase in cyber assaults and remain one of the best methods to safeguard bitcoin. Each of the many wallet choices has its own set of security concerns.

1. Computerized wallets

When it comes to their bitcoin wallet, users must handle it as if it were a genuine wallet. Using both a hot wallet and a cold wallet is a recommended practice when it comes to bitcoin wallets. Only a limited amount of bitcoin should be stored in a “hot” (online) wallet for day-to-day usage, and the rest should be kept in a “cold” (offline) wallet. This prevents malware from gaining access to a user’s bitcoins by intercepting their wallet password or finding unencrypted wallet data in the device’s RAM.

types-of-bitcoin-wallets

2. Personal digital wallets that aren’t connected to the internet

You may use an offline wallet to verify that your operating system is virus-free and does not save, log, or cache your wallet keys. Loss or theft of a cold wallet results in the permanent loss of all bitcoins contained inside, hence it must be kept offline and physically safe. A hard disc that containing 7,500 bitcoins was thrown away in 2013 because the owner had forgotten about it. As of this writing, the sum would be worth about $322 million, which is around $7.5 million at the time.

To steal bitcoin from a cold wallet, a hacker would need access to the wallet and any related PINs or passwords used to access the wallet’s money, which would require physical access. It’s critical to remember the passcode if your offline wallet is encrypted. If a person dies, their heirs will not have access to the money in this wallet since it isn’t encrypted.

Why Fossil Fuels are Preferred Over Biomass by Industries?

Biomass can play a key role in economic development and emerge as a significant alternative to fossil fuels. In this article, we will discuss why fossil fuels are preferred over biomass fuel by the industrial sector.

biomass collection

 

Pyrolysis and the Promise of Biochar

The end application of biomass mostly depends on the feedstock type and the char conversion process. When processed under controlled conditions, biomass converts to char (or biochar). With the presence of high carbon content in biochar, they are highly dependent on the processing conditions of biomass (or fuel), e.g. wood char produced from pyrolysis at low or no air flow can expect to have high carbon and hydrogen with minimal minerals/inorganic presence.

Gas produced under same condition will have a high presence of heavy aromatic carbon and nitrogen gas. However, under the same conditions, if physical structure of biomass varies, the output results can fluctuate to a significant level.

The temperature, pressure, elemental composition, particle size, physical structure (e.g. density, moisture presence, molecular structure, pore size), heating rate, the maximum temperature of process, retention time during the conversion process can change the composition of biochar produced.

Biomass when converted to char has multiple applications with minimal effect on the environment. It has applications in toxic metal remediation and can remove harmful contaminants from soil which can damage plant growth and soil nutrients.

uses of char

Char has potential to stabilise cadmium, lead, chromium, zinc, but they are found to be most effective in stabilisation of lead and copper.  Researchers have found the potential application of biochar in a range of applications, viz. carbon sequestration, solid waste management, green electricity production, wastewater treatment, iron making process and building construction.

Why Fossil Fuel is Preferred Over Biomass Fuel?

Despite the significant contrast of applications and proven to have minimal effect on the environment, why is biomass not preferred or unsuccessful to attract the commercial sector? The answer relies on biomass processing technologies that still need to develop economically feasible. Besides fuel cost, the initial setup of biomass-based technologies need high capital cost, operation and maintenance cost, which eventually lead to a significantly higher cost of end application when compared with fossil fuels.

In most FMCG, sugarcane and fruit-based industries, biomass is produced as their waste, and legal compliances expect them to dispose of their waste sustainably. Industries spend substantial money to dispose of their waste in agreement with legal and environmental regulations. Researchers termed it a negative cost, which means that industries intend to pay to take this biomass off from their facility.

bagasse cogeneration

This could bring a possible opportunity to biomass processing plants to get paid or acquire fuel at no or negative cost. But most processing facilities are far from fuel (or biomass waste) sources, and cost of transportation are significant enough to compare the economics of fuel acquirement with fossil fuel costs. Moreover, processing technologies need cleaning and maintenance which further add up to the cost.

The overall economics of biomass-based electricity and any other end-use process cost higher than fossil fuels, making it very difficult to attract industries to invest in biomass over fossil fuels. Research suggests that biomass processing facilities that are available within the periphery of 200km from the fuel source will cost biomass (or fuel) at zero to negative value, improving the overall economics to a significantly comparable level to fossil fuels.

The Way Forward

To address this issue, small-scale plants must be installed in nearby areas and critical focus is vital on economically small scale biomass processing plants. Considerable research work is going on with small scale gasification plants capable of producing electricity at a small scale, but that is still under pilot project and no large-scale implementation has been found so far. Pyrolysis plants are also under the research zone, producing biochar, but this method is still under research development.

To reach targets of global temperature and carbon emissions into the atmosphere set by the UN at Climate Summit 2015, this area of research is a potentially critical area that can play a significant role in overtaking biomass over fossil fuels.

Bitcoin Mining: What it is and How it works?

Bitcoins is one of the leading cryptocurrencies with tremendous returns. When compared to the olden days, these days’ people are interested in making investments on Bitcoins. Many of us knew that the maximum limit for Bitcoin mining is $21 million. But many do not know about what is Bitcoin mining and how does it function. Here in this article, we will help you out with all mining-related queries before you start to invest in Bitcoins.

crytpomining

Bitcoin Mining

The term Bitcoins can be obtained in various ways. There are three ways of mining Bitcoins. One is to exchange cash for acquiring Bitcoins through Bitcoin trading agencies. The second way is to buy and sell through shopping, and the third one is mining new Bitcoins, which involves complex mathematical problems.

Mining involves the process of accumulating Bitcoins transactions to the global public ledger called Blockchains. The Blockchain keeps track of all the Bitcoin transactions as Blocks. The Blockchain also helps distinguish the actual Bitcoins from the already used Bitcoins for spending in the Bitcoin transaction.

Hash

When the Bitcoins are transacted, it will be recorded as blocks in the Blockchain. The miners will use the information in the Block for the mining process by applying complex mathematical functions by turning the data into a Hash, which consists of a random series of numerals and characters.

The hash not only contains the encrypted information of the current Block. It will also have encrypted information of previous blocks. This hash technique is very secure. When some anonymous user tries to access the Block, the entire hash will get changed to a completely different sequence, making it harder for the malicious user to access the blocks in the Blockchain.

Another exciting thing about hash is, the information in the mixture can be of varying lengths. But the hash length of all the blocks will be in the same period.

Bonus

A miner’s job is to effectively maintain all the Bitcoin that has been transacted as blocks and distinguish the actual Bitcoins from the already spent Bitcoins. There is software for mining Bitcoins. If a block in Blockchain is sealed and completed, it means that the mining process is complete, and the miners with successful mining are awarded bonuses!

As the Bitcoins are mined in fewer amounts, the value of the Bitcoins also will rise as that of Gold. Even though Gold cannot be extracted in large quantities, its value will last for a long time. The price value will also increase, and the rate drop will be at a slow pace. The same applies to Bitcoin. So as the value increases, the rewards for successful mining will also increase.

bitcoin-mining

The process of hashing is straightforward, with the advancements of computer technologies. But what happens if miners start producing thousands of hashes at the same? To make a steady hash production, the Bitcoin system should enforce certain time constraints or slowing down the process.

Proof of work

The Hash production in the blockchains is proof of a Bitcoin transaction. To ensure a safe Bitcoin system and avoid fraudulent activities, the hash generation must be complicated more, and the processing time must also be increased. By making complex hashes, the intruders will not be able to identify or decrypt the hash information. If the intruder tries to access the Block, the hash information will change automatically into a more complex form. To invest in bitcoins you can visit cfd trader website

Working of Blocks

This section briefly explains the working of Blockchain here:

The user first initiates a Bitcoin transaction either by selling or buying. This transaction is recorded as blocks in the Blockchain. Next, a verification process will take place to check whether the deal is valid or not. The next step is to make the block information of the previous Block and insert it into the new Block in hash format. Next is the proof of the work process takes place.  If the Block is valid, it will be added to the Blockchain and sent to the network as a new hash block.

Thus this article has given a deep insight into what Bitcoin mining is and how does it work.

Sand Control Screens: Why Are They Essential In Oil And Gas Sector?

As the name suggests, sand control is the method for controlling sand production into a wellbore. Around the world, for different gas and oil-producing wells, this is a common requirement.

Sand production can bring several issues, for example, production impairment as a result of the erosion to completion string, sand plugging, and downhole tools. For avoiding sand production, two main methods are used in oil production are as follows.

Types Of Sand Control Screens

Active Sand Control

The active sand control technique is all about utilizing the filters in order to control sand production. It is also known as an intrusive measure. Below are the techniques of active and control methods in the oil and gas industry.

  • Chemical consolidation.
  • Gravel pack and Frack Pack.
  • Expandable sand screen.
  • Stand Alone screen.

Passive Sand Control

Passive sand control always utilizes non-intrusive measures for controlling, reducing, or avoiding sand production from the reservoir. Here are the techniques of following sand control methods.

  • Sand management.
  • Selective perforation.
  • Oriented perforation.

Types Of Sand Control Screens

Now we will talk about different types of sand control screens, along with their mechanisms and usage.

1. Slotted Liner

It is one of the oldest sand control methods. Slotted liner sand control is tubing with a series of slots. All these slots are cut through a wall of tubular, and that too in an axial orientation. The width of slots is designed in such a way that it develops inter-particle bridging across the slots.

Suppose you are looking for the least expensive way to make a standalone screen. The next part of this is very simple. Here the average flow area is around 3%. But it also can go upto 6% of the total pipe area. However, a flow area of more than 6% will be detrimental to the tensile strength of the pipe.

2. Wire-Wrapped Screen

Consider a pipe, which is perforated along with a welded jacket, which is wire-wrapped. The wire, which is wrapped around the vertical ribs, has a space of keystone. It is designed to mitigate the chances of sand plugging on the screen. As there is a self-cleaning action, there is no chance of sand plugging.

In comparison to a slotted linear, a wire-wrapped screen comes with a bigger flow area and thus offers accurate slot opening along with good strength. Here are the different types of wire wrap.

  • Pipe-based slip-on.
  • Rod-based screens.
  • Pipe-based direct build screens.

3. Premium Screens

The premium screen is basically a metal design, which comes with a metal mesh filtration and also a protective metal outer shroud. The ability to flow back the drilling fluid through the particular screen and also the plugging resistance are the main differences between premium screens and other sand screens.

Risks of the Oil and Gas Industry

As per the customer’s demand, the service provider produces different types of premium screens with different metal mesh designs. When it comes to pore throat, it can vary from around 60 microns to 300 microns. Her basic idea here is that the mesh will prevent large particles.

4. Pre-Packed Screen

Pre-packed screens are quite similar to wire-wrapped screens, but pre-packed screens have different filtration media. Here, a media gravel layer that can be with or without the resin coating is situated around the initial screen component. An external screen is also there to support it.

On the basis of the good requirements, the size and thickness of the medium layers vary. The requirements are as follows.

  • Hole size.
  • Flow rate.
  • Formation size etc.

5. Expandable Sand Screen

The latest screen technology is the expandable screen; it comes with a perforated pipe, an outer shroud, and, lastly, a filter medium. This screen is usually runs into a wellbore, and when it comes to the usage of the expansion insert, it is for expanding the screen to the production hole diameter.

Here are some of the advantages of an expandable sand screen.

  • Offers a high inflow area.
  • Provides maximum hole diameter.
  • Offers wellbore support.
  • Effective sand control.

Here are the parts of the expandable screen.

  • Integral expandable connector.
  • Outer protection shroud.
  • Filtration media.
  • Base pipe.

To conclude

We hope you have developed a proper understanding of the sand control screens and their different designs. We also understand how complicated it actually is to get grapes totally. So in case you have any doubts or queries, feel free to contact us.

How Does ESG Bring Value To A Company?

Have you ever wondered why certain companies perform better than others? The answer has three letters, and it is ESG.

Whether you are a startup or an established business organization, ESG reporting and investment is the framework to stay relevant to the current industry trends and practices.

Furthermore, you can even compare the ESG to the radar system that encapsulates everyone in the ecosystem.

What is ESG?

ESG is the abbreviation of Environmental, Social, and Governance. These three are the key components that refer to the factors measuring the sustainability and the ethical impact of the businesses and companies.

How Does ESG Bring Value To A Company?

 

Most investors who seek to invest in companies look at the ESG scale of the company. Therefore, if the company fails to pass the ESG standards, it fails to win over investors for the company.

If we go with the definition, ESG is a generic term used in the capital market. It is commonly used by investors to evaluate the behaviors and future potential of the company.

What falls under ESG?

1. Environmental

It examines how the business performs to safeguard the natural environments. 

It focuses on:

  • Resource depletion.
  • Waste and pollution.
  • Greenhouse gas emission.
  • Climate change.
  • Deforestation.

2. Social

It looks at the social behavior of the company and how it treats other people.

  • Employee relations and diversity.
  • Healthy & Safety.
  • Working conditions.
  • Conflicts.
  • Local communities.

3. Governance

It examines the credibility of the company policies and how the business operations are governed.

  • Executive remuneration.
  • Tax strategy.
  • Donations and political lobbying.
  • Corruption & Bribery.
  • Board diversity & structure.

If you are a company and would like your company to be ESG compliant, contact Diginex. They are an award-winning agency that ensures your company gets ESG complaints.

How Can ESG Bring Value To Your Company?

When it comes to ESG, corporations are looking at it as a business opportunity. These include new markets they can open and sell to, cost reduction, and integrated risk management.

So, what are we waiting for? Let’s dive into it.

1. Top-Line Growth

A strong ESG proposition allows the companies to tap into new markets and expand themselves into the existing market. When the government authorities find that you are doing something for society, they are more likely to be awarded the license, access, and approvals to grasp opportunities for growth.

In addition, ESG can also drive consumer preference. If the consumer finds that the company they are dealing with or investing in is taking action to protect nature and society, consumers show more interest and are willing to pay more to go green.

2. Cost Reduction

Among the many advantages of ESG, one of the major advantages is that it can help you with cost reductions. In addition, executing ESG effectively can help the organization combat rising expenses.

climate change in sustainability reporting

With the ESG, you can see the flow of the expenses and put a lid on unnecessary expenses. This will close the finance lease and significantly reduce business operating costs.

3. Reduce Regularities

A stronger external value proposition can help the organization achieve greater strategic freedom and help ease regulatory issues.

We have seen that most business actions are put to a halt by the government authorities because of many reasons. However, with the ESG compliant business operation, companies can reduce the risk of adverse government action.

4. Boost In Employees Productivity

Just paying a high salary package will not ensure you with talented employees. It is the company’s belief and principle that attracts talented individuals. A strong ESG proposition can help you attract talented employees to the organization.

A recent study shows that positive social action correlates with job satisfaction. With the ESG, you can ensure that your employees feel that they are giving something back to society, making them feel satisfied by what they are doing.

ESG For The Long Term

ESG is a long-term solution for companies that are finding it hard to expand their business. Although ESG alone might help develop your business, it will certainly help remove the restriction from your business.

Data Science: The New Emergence

Data science is a new kind of field which has a great significance in your life and has a role in making a decision of your own choice. Most of the well-established companies are adopting data science and making it a cornerstone of their success. As the name suggests this field deals with data. Data here refers to the grouped information of people’s choice, need, liking etc. It’s the work of the data scientist to make that messy data useful and productive.

data-scientist

Making of a data scientist

Data scientist is a combination of computer engineer and statistician. Extraction of data needs great knowledge of computing and for handling them, we need Statistics and Probability. In this field knowledge is guided by logic and your multiple personal capability. All these traits and features makes it a dream job.

Role of data science in industries

They play a major role in making the company’s economy. It gives direction to the company’s next move or product. It makes the strategy more effective and productive, leading to better outcomes. As the internet world is developing with great rates, the demand for data scientists will increase.

Entering into the world of data science these are the things you should know

There are many online courses available on the internet, but the best ones are premium. Before entering in those courses, you should consider the following advice

  1. Be prepared before entering the courses. You should not go for data science courses with an empty head, as it will be just a waste of time. You should carry basic knowledge of statistics and computer science.
  2. Choosing the best course. There are many courses on the internet, but picking the best one saves money and time. If you want to make the course more effective you should choose the one which provides you with regular tasks.
  3. Making the course more productive. While taking the course you should keep testing your knowledge by molding your life into that of a data scientist, and start thinking like a data scientist and solve the problems of data science. You could read articles and news related to data science. You could search for recent issues of data science.

data-science-defence-sector

Learning computer science doesn’t mean the basics, it involves learning networks and the most important coding or programming. Before involving yourself in data science courses you should learn computer language and become a programming master. Language like Python and R will make your course successful. If you are insanely good with these things, then you deserve to be a data scientist.

Data science course  is the future of the IT world, as the new emerging technology is based on data science. That technology is A.I (Artificial Intelligence). This the most broad and wide technology ever. It has many subparts, but the major one is Machine Learning, Data Analysis, Data Mining. A.I will be shaping the future of the world, so involving is a great moral move.

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Making your work easier, I find that 360DigiTMG (a course provider) is a great match for a perfect data science course. 360DigiTMG provides you with the most precise and perfect course. It provides you with great courses in the field of data science with certification.      

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360DigiTMG – Data Science, Data Scientist Course Training in Bangalore

2nd Floor No, Vijay Mansion, 46, 7th Main Rd, Aswathapa Layout, Kalyan Nagar, Bengaluru, Karnataka 560043

Clean Cookstoves: An Urgent Necessity

Globally, three billion people in the developing nations are solely dependent on burning firewood, crop residues, animal manure etc for preparing their daily meals on open fires, mud or clay stoves or simply on three rocks strategically placed to balance a cooking vessel.  The temperature of these fires are lower and produce inefficient burning that results in black carbon and other short-lived but high impact pollutants.

These short-lived pollutants not only affect the persons in the immediate area but also contribute much harmful gases more potent than carbon dioxide and methane. For the people in the immediate area, their health is severely hampered as this indoor or domestic air pollution results in significantly higher risks of pneumonia and chronic bronchitis.

To remedy the indoor air pollution (IAP) and health-related issues as well as the environmental pollution in the developing world, clean cookstoves are the way to advance. But to empower rural users to embrace the advanced cookstoves, and achieve sustainable success requires a level of socio-cultural and economic awareness that is related directly to this marginalized group. The solution needs to be appropriate for the style of cooking of the group which means one stove model will not suit or meet the needs and requirements of all developing nation people groups.

Clean cookstoves can significantly reduce health problems caused by indoor air pollution in rural areas

Consideration for such issues as stove top and front loading stove cooking, single pot and double pot cooking, size of the typical cooking vessel and the style of cooking are all pieces of information needed to complete the picture.

Historically, natural draft systems were devised to aid the combustion or burning of the fuels, however, forced draft stoves tend to burn cleaner with better health and environmental benefits. Regardless of cookstove design, the components need to be either made locally or at least available locally so that the long term life of the stove is maintainable and so sustainable.

Now, if the cookstove unit can by powered by  simple solar or biomass system, this will change the whole nature of the life style and domestic duties of the chief cook and the young siblings who are typically charged with collecting the natural firewood to meet the cooking requirement.

Therefore the cookstoves need to be designed and adapted for the people group and their traditional cooking habits, and not in the reverse order. To assess the overall performance of the green cooking stoves requires simple but effective measures of the air quality.

The two elements that need to be measured are the black carbon emissions and the temperature of the cooking device.  This can be achieved by miniature aerosol samplers and temperature sensors. The data collected needs to be transmitted in real-time via mobile phones for verification of performance rates.  This is to provide verifiable data in a cost effective monitoring process.