Solid Waste Management in South Asia: Key Lessons

swm-south-asiaSolid waste management is already a significant concern for municipal governments across South Asia. It constitutes one of their largest costs and the problem is growing year on year as urban populations swell. As with all waste management experiences, we have learned lessons and can see scope for improvement.

Collection and Transportation

There are two factors which have a significant impact on the costs and viability of a waste management system as it relates to collection and transportation: first, the distance travelled between collection and disposal point; and second, the extent to which ‘wet’ kitchen waste can be kept separate from dry waste much of which can be recycled. Separating waste in this way reduces the costs of manual sorting later on, and increases the prices for recyclable materials.

In many larger towns distances become too great for door-to-door collectors to dispose waste directly at the dump site. Arrangements are made to dispose of waste at secondary storage points (large skips) provided by the municipality. However, where these are not regularly emptied, the waste is likely to be spread beyond the bins, creating a further environmental hazard.

Ideally, and if suitable land can be found, a number of smaller waste disposal sites located around a town would eliminate this problem. With significant public awareness efforts on our part, and continual daily reminders to home-owners, we were able to raise the rate of household separation to about 60%, but once these reminders became less frequent, the rate dropped rapidly back to around 25%. The problem is compounded in larger cities by the unavailability of separated secondary storage bins, so everything is mixed up again at this point anyway, despite the best efforts of householders.

If rates are to be sustained, it requires continual and on-going promotion in the long term. The cost of this has to be weighed against the financial benefit of cleaner separated waste and reduced sorting costs. Our experience in Sri Lanka shows how important a role the Local Authority can play in continuing to promote good solid waste management practices at the household level.

Home Composting

Our experience with home composting shows that complete coverage, with every household using the system, is very unlikely to be achieved. Where we have promoted it heavily and in co-operation with the Local Authority we have found the sustained use of about 65% of the bins. Even this level of coverage, however, can have an important impact on waste volumes needing to be collected and disposed of. At the same time it can provide important, organic inputs to home gardening, providing a more varied and nutritious diet for poor householders.

Waste to Compost and Energy

The variety of technologies we have demonstrated have different advantages and disadvantages. For some, maintenance is more complicated and there can be issues of clogging. For the dry-fermentation chambers, there is a need for a regular supply of fresh waste that has not already decomposed. For other systems requiring water, quite large amounts may be needed. All of these technical challenges can be overcome with good operation and maintenance practices, but need to be factored in when choosing the appropriate technology for a given location.

The major challenge for compost production has been to secure regular sales. The market for compost is seasonal, and this creates an irregular cash flow that needs to be factored in to the business model. In Bangladesh, a significant barrier has been the need for the product to be officially licensed. The requirements for product quality are exacting in order to ensure farmers are buying a product they can trust. However, the need for on-site testing facilities may be too prescriptive, creating a barrier for smaller-scale operations of this sort. Possibly a second tier of license could be created for compost from waste which would allow sales more easily but with lower levels of guarantees for farmers.

Safe Food Production and Consumption

Community people highly welcomed the concept of safe food using organic waste generated compost. In Sri Lanka, women been practicing vertical gardening which meeting the daily consumption needs became source of extra income for the family. Female organic fertilizer entrepreneurs in Bangladesh are growing seasonal vegetables and fruits with compost and harvesting more quality products. They sell these products with higher price in local and regional markets as this is still a niche market in the country. The safe food producers require financial and regulatory support from the government and relevant agencies on certification and quality control to raise and sustain market demand.

The concept of safe food using organic waste generated compost is picking up in South Asia

The concept of safe food using organic waste generated compost is picking up in South Asia

Conclusion

Solid waste management is an area that has not received the attention it deserves from policy-makers in South Asia nations. There are signs this may change, with its inclusion in the SDGs and in many INDCs which are the basis of the Paris Climate Agreement. If we are to meet the challenge, we will need new approaches to partnerships, and the adoption of different kinds of systems and technologies. This will require greater awareness and capacity building at the Local Authority level. If national climate or SDG targets are to be met, they will need to be localised through municipalities. Greater knowledge sharing at national and regional levels through municipal associations, regional bodies such as SAARC and regional local authority associations such as Citynet, will be an important part of this.

Practical Action’s key messages for regional and national policy makers, based on our experience in the region in the last 5 years, are about the need for:

  • creating new partnerships for waste collection with NGOs and the informal sector,
  • considering more decentralised approaches to processing and treatment, and
  • recognising the exciting potential for viable technologies for generating more value from waste

Renewable Energy Industry in Africa: What Are the Opportunities For Foreign Consultants?

Currently, more than 600 million people living in Sub-Saharan Africa, out of a total population of 900 million, do not have access to electricity. Even those with some kind of electrical connection suffer from unreliable supply, lack of sufficient power on the grid, high energy prices, or a combination of these, meaning they lack full access to power.

 

However, the solution is in sight, and it is green. It could be that the majority of the “dark continent” will skip fossil fuel- based energy entirely, and skip straight to renewable energy solutions, from those living in refugee camps, to the cities. The renewable energy industry in Africa represents great opportunities for many, not only the local populations who will benefit from a stable electricity supply, but also local workers and international consultants whose expertise are greatly needed. Not to mention of course the benefits for the environment.

If you are a foreign consultant looking to work in the renewable energy industry in Africa, here is what you should know.

Opportunities in Renewable Energy Industry in Africa

The renewable energy industry is booming in many African countries, most notably Nigeria. Here, it is hoped that biomass will help to bridge the gap between the current electricity capacity of 12,522MW and demand of 98,000MW. This dramatic shortfall, despite Nigeria being an OPEC nation and the world’s 13th largest producer of oil, certainly shows the need for renewable energy solutions. Currently, only 1% of Nigeria’s electricity is powered by renewable energy with a small percentage of this being biomass. However, the country’s rich resources in biomass fuels such as agricultural residues and municipal solid waste means that biomass could represent the solution to the country’s energy crisis.

Across the continent, many countries are already implementing small-scale solar, wind and geothermal technology, particularly to provide energy to remote and under-serviced populations. The World Bank is committed to promoting sustainable energy solutions in developing nations, particularly in Africa. From 2014 to 2018, the World Bank funded $11.5 billion worth of renewable energy projects in developing countries. This continues to be a funding priority for the developing world’s largest financier.

Funding from the World Bank and others has led to a variety of renewable energy projects across Africa, which is only set to increase in future years. These projects have an intense need for foreign consultants, due to the demand for expertise outstripping local availability in many cases.

Guide For Working in African Renewable Energy Industry

Working in the renewable sector in Africa offers the opportunity not only to be part of an exciting, booming industry, but also one which has the potential to make a difference to the lives of millions of people. Working in the sector, and in Africa in general, does come with its own unique challenges, however, so it is important to be prepared.

1. Research Local Laws and Regulations

Firstly, it is important to be prepared that working in a new country will mean that many things will be unfamiliar. One of the key differences will be when it comes to laws and regulations. The company or organisation you are working with should be able to advise you on these matters, but it is also a good idea to do your own research ahead of time to get an idea of local regulations, and how these will impact on your work.

wind-farm-Lake-Turkana-Kenya

2. Be Open to Local Customs

A big part of working in another country is adjusting to the local customs. Understanding local culture and traditions will not only help you feel more comfortable, but it will also make you more effective in your work. After you arrive in the field, make it one of your key priorities to absorb as much as you can of the local culture.

Additionally, you should be prepared that infrastructure and logistics may be very different from what you are accustomed to: this can impact on everything from internet connection and availability of supplies to transit times.

3. Make Sure Your Training is Upto Date

Availability of training while on site may be limited, so it is important to make sure your qualifications are up to date and that you have skilled up with all relevant training before you leave home. Consult with a UK-based company such as We Do Training to see what courses are on offer, and what may be helpful for you while in the field.

Entrepreneurship in Solid Waste Management

Entrepreneurship in solid waste management can be instrumental in environment protection, decentralization, economic restructuring and job creation. Entrepreneurial opportunities in solid waste planning are available in the areas of waste collection, handling, sorting, storage, transport, transformation and energy recovery.

Entrepreneurship begins with the generation of an idea and culminates in realization of the project objectives. Historically, the improvement of waste management services by the public sector has been hampered by lack of funds in both developed and developing nations.

waste-management-nepal

Basic safety equipment is essential to minimize health risks to informal recycling sector.

Entrepreneurs can not only invest money in solid waste management sector, but also infuse new ideas, technologies and skills which can transform waste from being a liability into an asset. The efficiency of solid waste management increases with the involvement of entrepreneurs. Infact, it has been observed that involvement of entrepreneurs in solid waste management planning can reduce the service cost by half in Latin American cities with higher employment generation and vehicles productivity.

Entrepreneurial ventures in solid waste management can range from a one-man project to a mega-scale project involving thousands of skilled and unskilled workers. It has been observed that solid waste management is a labour-intensive process with tremendous potential to generate new jobs, depending on the type of project and the level of creativity. The major areas of entrepreneurial involvement include waste collection, transportation, reuse and recycling, upcycling and power generation.

waste-management-nepal

Basic safety equipment is essential to minimize health risks to informal recycling sector.

According to the World Bank, municipalities in developing countries typically spend 20 to 50 per cent of their annual budget on solid waste management, but only 40 to 70 per cent of solid waste is collected and less than 50 per cent of the population has access to municipal waste collection services. Solid waste planning is an integral component of urban development as it contributes to public health, resource conservation and environment protection. Scientific disposal of domestic waste can prevent environmental degradation and harmful public health impacts while recycling can help in conservation of precious natural resources.

Entrepreneurial activities in solid waste collection can not only increase waste collection efficiency but also improve waste management services for the marginalized sections of the society. An excellent example is the case of Nigeria-based Wecyclers which is aiming to building a low-cost waste collection infrastructure in Lagos by offering cheap and convenient domestic waste recycling services using a fleet of cargo bikes.

Green SMEs: Catalyst for Green Economy

With ‘green’ being the buzzword across all industries, greening of the business sector and development of green skills has assumed greater importance all over the world. SMEs, startups and ecopreneurs are playing a vital role in the transition to a low-carbon economy by developing new green business models for different industrial sectors. Infact, young and small firms are emerging as main drivers of radical eco-innovation in the industrial and services sectors.

Green SMEs

What are Green SMEs

Green SMEs adopt green processes and/or those producing green goods using green production inputs. A judicious exploitation of techno-commercial opportunities and redevelopment of business models, often neglected by established companies, have been the major hallmarks of green SMEs.

For example, SMEs operating in eco-design, green architecture, renewable energy, energy efficiency and sustainability are spearheading the transition to green economy across a wide range of industries. The path to green economy is achieved by making use of production, technology and management practices of green SMEs. Impact investment platforms, such as Swell Investing, allows individuals to invest in environmentally sustainable companies.

Categories of Green Industries

Environmental Protection Resource Management
Protection of ambient air Water management
Protection of climate Management of forest resources
Wastewater management Management of flora and fauna
Waste management Energy management
Noise and vibration abatement Management of minerals
Protection of biodiversity and landscape Eco-construction
Protection against radiation Natural resource management activities
Protection of soil, groundwater and surface water Eco-tourism
Environmental Monitoring and Instrumentation Organic agriculture
Research and Development Research and Development

Key Drivers

The key motivations for a green entrepreneur are to exploit the market opportunity and to promote environmental sustainability. A green business help in the implementation of innovative solutions, competes with established markets and creates new market niches. Green entrepreneurs are a role model for one and all as they combine environmental performance with market targets and profit outcomes, thus contributing to the expansion of green markets.

Some of the popular areas in which small green businesses have been historically successful are renewable energy production (solar, wind and biomass), smart metering, building retrofitting, hybrid cars and waste recycling.

As far as established green industries (such as waste management and wastewater treatment) are concerned, large companies tend to dominate, however SMEs and start-ups can make a mark if they can introduce innovative processes and systems. Eco-friendly transformation of existing practices is another attractive pathway for SMEs to participate in the green economy.

The Way Forward

Policy interventions for supporting green SMEs, especially in developing nations, are urgently required to overcome major barriers, including knowledge-sharing, raising environmental awareness, enhancing financial support, supporting skill development and skill formation, improving market access and implementing green taxation.

In recent decades, entrepreneurship in developing world has been increasing at a rapid pace which should be channeled towards addressing water, energy, environment and waste management challenges, thereby converting environmental constraints into business opportunities.

Data Science – A Revelation of the Modern Digital Era

Data is transpiring today in large quantities because of the modern equipment, so what is happening with the old data? Why is the old data so important? What can the old data tell us? Globalization is the means of connecting and desegregating people, businesses, and government authorities all across the globe. Owing to the internet and social media the world has become complicated with the overload of information that means more and more piles of data are added to the large volumes of already existing data.

New technologies continue to present a new amount of uncertainties and possibilities for the world. The possibility of billions of people connected by the internet and their mobile devices, with an exceptional path to knowledge is infinite. These possibilities are aggregated by developing technology inventions in fields such as artificial intelligence, business analytics, data analytics, data science, robotics, autonomous transportation, 3-D printing, nanotechnology, and quantum computing.

Every time we use our search engines or our social media platforms to interact or to share pictures digitally, we add more to the pile of data which already exists in a large volume. As the amount of data generation grew, the need to monitor or collect or prepare this data also grew. These became some of the main difficulties and concerns for enterprise industries until the year 2010. Since there’s been a lot of hype about data storing and processing, a new door was opened to a broad field which came into existence as “Data Science”.

What is Data Science?

Data science does not mean the invention of complicated models or making awesome visualizations or writing data codes. Data Science means the usage of data to generate as much influence as plausible for an organization. This influence can be created in the form of multiple things – it could be in the form of insights, in the form of data merchandise, or the form of the product references for an organization. To perform such tasks, you require complicated models, data visualizations or code generators.

Before data science, the term data mining was quite popular. It was then defined as the overall method of identifying valuable information from data. Data science was brought to another level in the 2000s, it was done by combining computer science with data mining. This led to the birth of social media platforms and websites, which additionally contributed to Big data. Technologies and tools like MapReduce, Hadoop, and Spark were launched to extract valuable information from big data.

So the rise in big data spiked the rise in data science to support the requirements of businesses to extract insights from their huge unorganized data sets. By this time, the journal of data science defined data as everything that is related to gathering, analyzing and modeling all types of applications. With the abundance of data and the birth of data science, it became possible to instruct machines with a data-driven approach. Let us look at various positions that are required to be filled in the field of administration, processing, and fulfilling of big data science. These positions include:

  • Data Engineers – these are the people who build and manage data gathering processes. They should be well aware of things such as Aforge.net, Java, and Scikit-learn.
  • Software Engineers – these are the people who understand what kind of data requires to be examined and develop the software to suit the industry. They should be well aware of things such as Java, SQL, and Python.
  • Artificial Intelligence Hardware Specialists – these are the people who understand the AI and what knowledge should be searched for in the pile of data sets. They should be well aware of things like Python, Java, and machine learning.

Role of a Data Scientist

Typically, as a data scientist, it’s your job to solve real company issues by gathering data. It doesn’t matter to the organization which kind of tools you use to complete your tasks. Their main goal is to understand their customers well and to deliver excellent results. Being a good data scientist doesn’t mean how advanced your tools are, it means the amount of impact that you can produce with your work.

A data scientist is not a data cruncher, he/she is a problem solver and strategist who are hired by companies to solve their most enigmatic and troublesome problems. They are expected to guide the company in the right direction.

The Need for Data Science

The first question that comes to the mind is what is the need to collect so much raw data and then extract information from it. So, let us learn why we need Data Science and why it is important. There is a cumbersome burst of raw data happening around us and all of it is not inappropriate. We can organize this raw data to make decision making easier. Businesses can use this raw data to derive meaningful insights. It can help them to know their customers better and to enhance their overall performance in the market. As the saying goes “Data is to products what electricity is to gadgets.”

Data Science VS Big Data VS Data Analytics

Data Science means using various tools and algorithms to extract valuable information from raw data. This raw data is drawn from different channels and platforms like cell phones, search engines, surveys, e-commerce sites, and social media. This field is related to the cleansing of data and then preparing and analyzing it. Data science is used in industries like internet searches, digital advertisements and search recommendations.

A huge amount of data is available to the world in the form of structured and unstructured sets, which is termed as Big Data. It means analyzing large sets of extreme data computationally to understand the patterns and trends of today’s civilization. This helps organizations to extract essential information from their data to discover and develop, which makes data a valuable asset for organizations. This helps in understanding human behavior which in turn helps businesses to understand their customers better. Big Data is applied in industries with financial services, communication and retail services or outlets. 

Data Analytics courses is the process of revealing hidden patterns and associations, latest business trends, customer preferences, and structured and unstructured data forms. Data analytics can be utilized in healthcare, travel and gaming industries. It helps in boosting the complete performance of the business by refining the financial processes. This increases the visibility of a brand and provides insights into it.

Data Science Courses and Eligibility

More and more companies are now realizing the importance of having an expert on board to analyze their company’s data. So, what are the requirements to become a data scientist? A career in data science requires an understanding of mathematics and statistics. There are many ways to become a data scientist. The most common way is doing a bachelor’s degree in IT, Computer Science, Math, Physics or another related field and then applying for a Data Science certification program.

If you want to specialize in a particular branch or domain then you can also opt for Data Science online training programs. Students gain practical skills and are given hands-on experiences with the help of assignments and programs. Students in data science courses are taught how to collect, interpret and analyze the data, which could help organizations all over the world to make intelligent decision making. They should have effective communication skills as well as high-level analytical thinking.

Why you should become a Data Scientist?

According to studies, there will be a requirement of more than 2.7 million data scientist job openings by the year 2020. In today’s job market, there is a lot of excitement and hype around the role of data scientists and why shouldn’t it be? It is a profitable job that ensures your security in terms of money. Apart from its economic benefits, it is also a discipline that affects our everyday lives in some way or the other.

Data science plays a unique role in improving the lives of people. It has the ability to set a course of an entire business just by analyzing the data that the company has been producing for years. It helps in detecting frauds in the banking sector by analyzing the data of financial institutions. The objective of data science is based more on scientific analysis rather than the notions and experience of just one individual.

Believe it or not, Data Science also helps in solving social problems. It will help you to bring a positive revolution in the country. Big companies like Google, LinkedIn and Amazon to small retail stores – all are looking for experts to analyze their raw data to useful information. The job of a Data Scientist has grown into the most demanding and flexible profession now.

Summary

Despite a growing interest in the field of data science, there is an acute shortage of skilled professionals with good professional skills. Organizations are in dire need of data scientists who can use the collected data to choose the most intelligent business path, dynamic processes, advanced product marketing, a better understanding of the opponent and all this turns into satisfying customer assistance.

RRB NTPC Recruitment Process: All You Need to Know

RRB NTPC recruitment 2019 is open to fill up 35277 vacancies in various posts. Out of the number of vacancies advertised, 10628 are for RRB NTPC Graduate posts while 24649 are for RRB NTPC Undergraduate posts.

The RRB NTPC recruitment process involves 4 stages. The stages will be Computer Based Test 1 or CBT 1, CBT 2, Typing Skill Test and Document Verification. The final appointment will be made based on a medical examination. You are requested to check this page for all the latest updates.

The RRB NTPC Recruitment dates are yet to be notified. However, CBT 1 was scheduled to be held between June to September 2019. But, now it is likely to be held in January or February 2020. The dates of the next rounds will be subsequently notified. 

RRB NTPC CBT 1, 2019

All the candidates irrespective of the post applied for will have to appear for CBT 1 and CBT 2 respectively. Both of these tests will be conducted online. Before starting to prepare for CBT 1 exam, one needs to understand the exam pattern first.

Duration of the examination:  90 minutes for normal candidates. 2 hours for candidates belonging to the PWD category.

Nature of Test: MCQs

Total Number of Questions: 100

Subjects: General Awareness, Logical Reasoning and Aptitude and Mathematics

Marking: 1 mark for every right answer, 1/3rd mark will be deducted for every wrong answer.

Check the table below for a better understanding of CBT 1:

Subjects Number of questions Marks Duration
Logical Reasoning and Aptitude 30 30 90 minutes
General Awareness 40 40
Mathematics 30 30
Total 100 100

RRB NTPC CBT 2, 2019

Candidates qualifying the CBT 1 will be allowed to appear for CBT 2. The number of students shortlisted will be 20 times the total vacancies. Here’s a look at the pattern of CBT 2.

Duration of Exam: 1 hour 30 minutes for normal candidates. 120 minutes for PWD candidates.

Nature of Test: MCQs

Total Number of Questions: 120

Subjects: Logical Reasoning and Aptitude, Mathematics and General Awareness

Marking: 1 mark for every right answer and 1/3rd of the marks will be deducted for every incorrect option chosen.

Check the table below for RRB NTPC Recruitment  2019 of CBT 2: 

Subjects Number of questions Marks Duration
Logical Reasoning and Aptitude 35 35 1 hour 30 minutes
General Awareness 50 50
Mathematics 35 35
Total 120 120

 

Minimum Qualifying Percentage for both CBT 1 and CBT 2

The minimum qualifying marks for both CBT 1 and CBT 2 are different for different categories.

Below is a table showing the minimum qualifying percentage for the different categories.

Category Minimum Qualifying Percentage
Unreserved 40
EWS 40
SC 30
ST 25

Those who will not secure the above cut-off percentage will not be allowed to appear for the Typing Skill Test. However, there is a relaxation of 2% for PWD candidates.

RRB NTPC Recruitment Typing Skill Test

The candidates who qualify CBT 1 and CBT 2 will have to sit for the Typical Skill Test. The candidates need to obtain a vision certificate from a competent authority first. However, disabled candidates will be exempted from this exam. Aspirants must know that there will be a 70:30 weightage of marks, which is 70% for CBT 2 stage and 30% weightage on typing speed. There should not be any error.

Language Typing Speed (in words per minute)
English 30
Hindi 25

 

The number of candidates to be called up for this round will be 8 times the number of vacancies. 

RRB NTPC Recruitment Document Verification 2019

As per the RRB NTPC Recruitment guidelines, the selected candidates will be called up for Document Verification. 50% more candidates will be called up as standby. At the time of this round, one needs to carry the original as well as 2 photocopies of the documents listed below:

  • Class 10th Marksheet
  • Class 12th Marksheet
  • Graduation Degree for Graduate Post Candidates
  • Income Certificate for EWS candidates
  • Minority community certificate or Caste Certificate if applicable
  • Receipt of SBI Challan 
  • Two self-attested coloured photographs
  • Domicile Certificate
  • Medical Certificate (if any)

RRB NTPC Recruitment Medical Examination 2019

Although the rounds of RRB NTPC Recruitment indeed finish with Document Verification, the final appointment will be made based on the medical exam to be conducted by the authority. It is compulsory for a candidate to pass this test. This test is intended to check the physical stamina of the candidate. Each medical standard is described below:

A2: Physically fit in all aspects. Good vision without glasses, must pass the coloured, night and binocular visions.

A3: Physically fit in all aspects. Good vision with or without glasses, must pass the coloured, night and binocular visions.

B2: Physically fit in all aspects. Slightly less vision, must pass the field test.

C2: Physically fit in all aspects, Vision poor, must be able to read and write at a close range.

After filling up the details, one must start preparing for the exam at the earliest as the exam is competitive and hard. To ace the exam, one must know the exam pattern and syllabus first. There are many books and online PDFs available online to help you crack the exam. One can also take help from articles, newspapers, class 10 CBSE books to get prepared as well. Also, one must thoroughly analyze previous years question papers to understand which questions have a higher chance of being repeated this time.

4 Fascinating Benefits of Studying Supply Chain and Logistics Management

The business world is quite dynamic. You need to have a comprehensive understanding of how it operates. It’s essential to learn the process within and between an organization. Its where supply chain and logistics management comes in. It’s an exciting course that you can take online. Here are the top fascinating benefits of studying supply chain and logistics management.

1. Improve the organization’s profitability

There’re numerous job opportunities within supply chain management. Organizations are searching for individuals who can contribute to their financial success. They need someone who can analyze cost efficiencies, maintain proper inventory levels as well as decrease operating expenses

Working as a supply chain manager is beneficial as you get to do what you enjoy. You contribute to the company’s goal of increasing sales, infiltrating new markers as well as making a difference. It’s a chance to make the company gain a competitive advantage as well as increase shareholder value. Engaging in online management courses is the ideal way to prepare you for the responsibilities that lie ahead.

2. Logistics as well as decision making

Businesses continue to experience significant changes, and the global supply chain continues to become dated. Its causing businesses to keep struggling when they have to adapt to manufacturing location changes and using cost-effective techniques

Companies keep looking for individuals who have logistic management training. Its because these individuals can spot a complication. They then proceed to provide the best possible solution. It’s nice to study a course that is quite relevant to business dynamics.

3. Proper system implementation

Studying supply chain and logistics management is a suitable career investment. It enables you to work around the technology. You stand to benefit from implementing new technology into a company’s current operations. It is because these technological advancements minimize cost as well as streamline the processes.

Being a supply chain manager means you will be at the forefront of applying the best possible technology. You must undertake a course that will enable you to be part of the movers and shakers of the organization.

4. Keep up with challenges and trends

When you choose to study supply chain and logistics management, you get to know how to handle trends in the industry. It’s an excellent opportunity to deal with what clients want and calculating the company’s books.

It’s time to embrace new technology and spearhead it within an organization. You get to keep a close eye on each further advancement and offer excellent communication to clients, vendors, and the company. In the current world, you need to take a thrilling course that will enable you to stay relevant in the ever-changing business environment

The beauty of studying supply chain and logistics management is that there are plenty of job opportunities. You get to possess an educational background to work as an enterprise process engineer, an analyst as well as a scheduling manager. You can take up various online management courses to further your career. It’s a convenient time to enhance a company’s responsiveness, offer value to clients, develop networking resilience, and so much more.

How to Create Presentations for Your Studies

Writing research seems to a lot of people to be a difficult task which makes them feel nervous and requires a lot of time, urging them to look for a legit essay writing service  like EssayShark or EssayBulls. However, it is only a part of the working process which also includes a preparation of useful presentation which can help the speaker to represent the information from the study in the most effective and understandable way.

We used to think that a process of development of the presentation is a difficult and complicated process because it seems impossible to choose only important parts of the study, as all parts which are included in this study we consider to be essential for the audience. Also, the problem with the preparation of presentation is related to the fact that the speech and slides should be structured in the way which is interesting to the people who will listen to it.

I think that the main task of the presentation is to demonstrate the findings from the study in the way which makes the audience to concentrate on the research and understand its importance, but it is impossible to do this if the presentation provokes the desire to fall asleep or contain too much unnecessary information. So, in this article, you will find a few tips which will make the process of creation of presentation to be easier for you, and with the help of these pieces of advice, you will get a better result in the process of demonstration the findings of your research to the audience.

Prepare a good plan

You know that for the good research you should develop a well-structured outline first of all, as it is a basic step which helps to make the working process to be easier and more effective. If you want to prepare a successful presentation you should develop a plan which will help you to structure the working process and the whole presentation as well. So, you need to understand the basic steps which you will follow during the working process on your presentation in order not to miss anything important for a good result in the end.

You need to analyze your research, to make sure that you understand the perspective which you want to present to the audience, and highlight the most essential parts of your study in order to use this information in your presentation.

The presentation as an additional tool

One of the biggest mistakes is done by people who prepare their presentation is the lack of understanding of the main function of the presentation. A presentation is an additional tool which helps you to represent your main ideas and findings to the audience. A lot of people perceive the information more effectively if they have visual materials which are related to the presented information.

Speech is the main part in the process of demonstration to the audience your findings, but a presentation is a tool which can help audience to see the most important facts or information on the screen in order to remember it in the most effective way. You have to understand that there is no necessity to put all your speech on slides, as people should not read your speech, but you can use pictures, graphics, and other visual materials in order to help the audience to understand better the information which you present to them. A lot of people put too much unnecessary information on slides, so the audience is distracted from the main points of the speech.

Design and visual effects

Presentation is not only about the content, but also it is about the way in which you represent this content to the audience. It is important to remember that a lot of people perceive information visually, so you should think about the design and visual effects such as transitions between slides in order to make the presentation to be perceived in a better way.

For the best choice in design, you should analyze the topic of your presentation. In the case of presentations for studies, it would be better not to choose too bright or too dark colors. It is important not to distract the audience from the information which you present to them, but make them focus on the main points. Also, if you use too much animation in transitions between slides, it will distract the audience as well or make them nervous. So, the best tip in this aspect of the preparation of presentation is based on total simplicity as design should be a helpful tool but not a distraction from the content of the presentation.

Content

Content of presentation consists not only of the information which you use but also of images and other visual effects. As it was stated above, presentation is a helpful tool which is developed to help people to perceive information using their visual senses. However, it is important to find a balance in your presentation. As we speak about presentations for studies, it is essential to remember that too many images or memes can be inappropriate in this situation, so you should use pictures in order to make your presentation less boring and more informative, but do not focus only on this visual effect.

In addition, you have to find a balance between the amount of text which you put on each slide and the number of images and graphics. The best way to represent information to the audience is to use bullet points in order to help them to define the main aspects of your research and understand better your findings. People cannot remember instantly a great amount of information, and they will memorize the information from your presentation partly, so you have to show them which parts are the most important and what they should understand at first.

Parting Shot

These tips can help you to create a presentation for your studies in a fast, easy, and effective way. A lot of people think that the process of preparation of presentation is based on the necessity to put the information from the speech or research on the slides, but it is related to the importance of visual perception. You should develop your speech and presentation in a way which will not be boring to your audience but will help them to understand your study more effectively.

In this process, everything matters: the choice of font, the number of slides, the order of slides, the choice of images, and visual effects with design. Balance is the most important thing in the process of preparation of presentation, so you should think about the content of the slides and design keeping this rule in mind. Also, try to think like your audience, and if you consider your presentation to be interesting and informative, it means that you did a great job.

What Should You Look for in an Environmental Consulting Firm

If you or your business has ever wanted to develop a property, chances are, you have probably worked with an environmental consulting firm at some point in the process. If you haven’t yet, the chances are that you will. Environmental consulting is one of the most critical aspects of the planning process for any project. Unfortunately, it often doesn’t get the attention it deserves.

If you think you might be in need of environmental consultants for your project, keep reading to learn more about two of the most important services they can provide. Also, try to keep in mind that while these services may increase your initial costs up front, they save you time and money in the long run by ensuring things are done correctly from the start. This can also protect you from potential liabilities later on, should something go wrong on your property or with your project.

What Environmental Consultants Do

Environmental consultants offer many services that provide information necessary for any project, such as environmental impact assessments, ecological studies, and environmental and natural resource management systems. Some consultants, like the Sydney-based environmental consultants Molino Stewart, also offer stakeholder and community engagement and education services. These can be helpful in cases where developers, stakeholders, and the community may harbor different views of a project.

Most environmental consulting firms offer a very wide range of important services. However, some can have a larger impact on the success of your project than others. Not all consulting firms are made equal, but the really great ones share a few key hallmarks: a solid community and stakeholder engagement/education program, and a well-organized environmental and ecological impact assessment and management service.

Ecological Studies and EIAs

Before you can begin any construction or development project, you have to conduct ecological and environmental impact assessments (EIAs). These assessments map the flora and fauna of the ecosystems potentially affected by the project and quantify the biodiversity in these locations.

This information is required by various environmental protection acts to gain approvals for a project. The outcomes of these studies might also require management plans for vegetation and wildlife.

A good environmental consulting firm will have experts with all the proper certifications required to conduct every aspect of the study. They will also help you with the process of submitting the results and developing biodiversity management systems.  A great firm will even offer the planning and technology to implement those systems and help you through the entire approval process.

Stakeholder and Community Engagement

No matter the project or what it entails, chances are that someone, somewhere, will have an objection. Therefore, one key service you should look for in an environmental consulting firm is a good community education/outreach or a stockholder education program.

What does a good education program look like? Well, the first indicator is an adaptive education plan that can effectively target a broad range of demographics. This encompasses everything from local government councils and nearby residents to businesses and schools. This will help clear up any objections borne of misunderstandings. It will enable the community to more fully understand how your project will impact their environment and help them feel engaged in the process.

When it comes to stakeholder education and engagement, you want to look for a slightly different approach. These are people who will be directly impacted by the proposed project and hold a stake in its outcome. An effective education plan will provide subject background information that is relevant to all concerned parties. It will also include learning activities that cover the scope of the topic and clear guidelines that establish when and what is being done to address the issue.

Conclusion

You can’t overstate the importance of environmental consulting, so it is critical that you go with a good firm. It can be a little tricky to know which ones are best. Your best bet is to stick with ones that have a strong outreach and education program and a comprehensive impact assessment and management service.

Construction Project Manager – Jobs and Responsibilities

A construction project manager basically coordinates material resources and employee schedules throughout an entire project. This is normally accomplished by using different techniques and determining the scope of the project, the cost of the project, the time that is required from start to finish, and the quality of the completed work. Anyone who works in this field knows that a construction project manager’s day is never the same, as the work is continuously changing as the project progresses.

Construction project managers can work on residential, commercial, and even industrial buildings, or they can work on bridges, roads, and schools. They will hire all the contractors and oversee the work of the architects, engineers, and all the vendors. Depending on the size of the project, a single construction project manager may be in charge, or there may be multiple ones in charge of their own specific sections.

While some construction project managers do not have a degree, it is becoming more common for a Bachelor’s Degree to be required for this position. The degree should be in a construction related field like construction management, civil engineering, or building science, but that may not be necessary if a person has quite a bit of hands-on experience in the field. That same hands-on experience is still necessary though, even with a construction related degree, and it can be earned by working as an intern, craftworker, and even a supervisor at a construction site.

 

Successful construction project managers will continue with their schooling to earn their Master’s Degree, as well as earning their certification for either Associate Constructor, Certified Professional Constructor, or Certified Construction Manager.

One of the first things that a construction project manager will do when they are hired for a job is to create a schedule for the entire project. This schedule will list everything that needs to be done in chronological order, while including the time needed for each item. They may need to make a few changes before the schedule is complete, due to ensuring that everything is finished at the agreed upon time.

Once a construction project manager has the schedule figured out, they will need to determine how many workers they will need and when each one will be needed. This can be tricky, as one small mistake can throw the entire schedule off. Each part of the project will need different workers, as many construction workers specialize in one thing or another. That means that project managers will be hiring painters, plumbers, electricians, drywallers, flooring installers, and numerous other workers to keep each part of the project moving along on time.

As soon as the project begins, a construction project manager must inspect and review everything that is being completed, so that it all meets current building and safety codes and regulations. In order for that to happen, they must explain all the plans and contract terms to everyone who is working on the project. This can be accomplished all at once or spread out over multiple meetings as the project progresses.

Changes are always part of the construction world, whether the client changes their mind on something in the original design or part of that design will not work the way that it was thought. Those changes always need to be documented somewhere and construction project managers need to be the ones that make sure that they are. Changes can be written as revisions or a change order and then approved by all parties.

There is always a need for permits and licensing when constructing a new building and if any are not obtained when they need to be, the construction may not start on time or the work that was completed may need to be torn down. Most construction project managers are well-versed in the necessary permits and licenses that are needed, but if there are ever any questions, they would need to contact the local town or city board for the proper answers.

While a good part of a project manager’s day will be spent supervising all the workers, they will also need to complete paperwork and track all the progress and costs. This is necessary so that they can stay on budget and on time, but it is also something that the clients like to keep an eye on as well. This is also an excellent way to see how delays have affected the schedule or how future delays could jeopardize the entire project.

The quality of a construction project should always be high and project managers are in charge of ensuring that quality control programs are in place. This can be as simple as doing in-house inspections routinely. Those inspections can also show if there is any damage or ways that an accident can happen and how those can be prevented.

A construction project manager has quite a bit to do each day, but thankfully, due to the use of computers, they can easily do some of their work wherever they are. They will also have everything that they need at any time, since they can easily access that information from their smartphone or laptop.

Every project manager needs to be organized and a quick thinker, but those who choose this profession thrive in the hustle and bustle of their everchanging workload.

By GenieBelt – real-time construction app, which helps to manage multiple projects with ease.