6 Safety Management Tips For Dam Owners

Humans have increasingly become dependent on electricity, which is due in no small part to the many advances in technology. From healthcare and commerce to the way people communicate with each other, everything that makes life livable now requires electrical power.

With all the growing demand for electricity, government and business leaders are continually pressured by the public to find ways to generate more power while keeping the planet safe. Renewable energy is the buzzword for finding the balance between power generation and giving the environment a much-needed TLC (tender loving care).

That said, water is one of the most common sources of renewable energy – it generates hydroelectricity, which makes up around 44% of renewable energy in the U.S. alone. Harvesting hydropower involves harnessing the flow of water. In other words, hydropower plants require dams to be built to hold and control the water that’ll turn the generators or turbines, generating electricity.

But hydropower is just one part of the equation. Water is essential for humans, without which life won’t even be possible. From hydropower to drinking water supply, dams will continue to be vital for humanity’s survival. Owners must manage their dams effectively to keep them safe and working. Doing so can prevent risks that may result in loss of life and property.

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Challenges Posed By Dams

Most dams used for hydropower generation and water supply are man-made–they’re made up of concrete. Hence, there are structural and stability challenges that need to be solved. You don’t need to see a movie just to know what might happen if a dam is breached.

 There was a time when operators relied on visual inspection, photos, and interpretation by engineers to analyze a dam’s safety levels. Today, there are state-of-the-art monitoring tools to help dam operators. Hence, there are now advanced solutions that allow dam owners to keep the structural integrity in check.

Take the case of Hunter Water Grahamstown Dam in Australia. This dam is designed to provide a drinking water supply and recycled water service to an area with approximately 600,000 people. As a storage dam, it constantly presents challenges that can compromise its structural integrity.

Using modern dam monitoring tools, Grahamstown Dam owners can effectively manage the dam’s integrity in a remote setting. In turn, this allows nearby residents to sleep soundly at night. The secret lies in using AI technology, such as Rezatec’s Dam Monitoring solution, to remotely churn out geospatial data that tracks everything–from ground movements to moisture levels. Nothing is left to chance or open interpretation. Also, fewer visual inspections are now required.

Dam Safety Management Tips

Indeed, humans have completely changed the way water is stored–whether for drinking or generating power. In a study aimed at monitoring and taking a closer look at the changing levels of global freshwater sources, researchers used NASA’s satellite and found that humans are now responsible for 57% of the planet’s seasonal water storage, which is happening in reservoirs and dams.

With the ever-increasing world population, it’s logical for one to think that more reservoirs and dams will be built in the foreseeable future. Whether it’s for drinking or harnessing hydropower, dams are here to stay. Owners and operators must learn to manage their dams dynamically.

Taking a cue from what operators did in managing the safety of the Grahamstown Dam, here are some tips on how to keep dams safe and functioning properly for years to come.

1. Create A Dam’s Risk Profile

No dam is perfect. For one, there’s always a trade-off among costs, location, and capacity when designing and building dams. It’s left to the owners to make the best out of the dams they’re managing. In a bid to reduce risks, owners should always know the status of their dams. For one, they should define risk areas and be aware of the dam’s weaknesses.

By creating a dam’s risk profile, managers won’t be caught unaware should disasters occur. For instance, if a barrier was designed to withstand a 10-magnitude earthquake, then a reading of 11 on the Richter scale should put workers on full alert even if the dam isn’t breached. Emergency inspections and responses should also be triggered.

2. Effective Dam Monitoring In Place

Dams, like the one in Grahamstown, require continued monitoring. There’s no shortcut to knowing or tracking the structural integrity of a dam except via monitoring.

In the past, owners relied on photography and visual inspections. The problem was the data gathered could be biased and were open to misinterpretation. Hence, it would be best to adopt AI-based solutions to ensure accurate monitoring data.

3. Ready Access To Construction Documentation

Dams are big structures and they’re often made up of different segments and materials. Making things more complicated is the fact that no two dams are the same–each has its own design features.

When managing a dam, the people responsible for it should have access to the dam’s design and construction blueprint. By doing so, managers will be less likely to do things that can compromise the dam’s structure and functionality.

4. Prioritize Incident Reports

Dam workers must be required to report all incidents that occur, including emergencies and operational shutdowns. Such reports will keep the management in the loop and enable key players to recommend a plan of action to prevent such incidents from happening again.

dam safety guide

5. Operations And Safety Manuals At The Ready

Dams are run by different people working in various shifts. While training workshops are essential for new and experienced workers, people tend to forget what they’re trained for. It’s crucial to have operations and safety manuals readily accessible to ensure that everyone is on the same page while operating the dam. This way, workers won’t be left guessing on what to do in case emergencies happen.

6. Multi-discipline Management Approach

While new technologies allow remote, scalable, and cost-effective dam management, it’s still vital to have human operators and engineers tracking changes or investigating anomalies. Environmental sciences should work with soil engineering and other disciplines. AI should also work with good old-fashioned human insights.

By combining multiple disciplines, dam owners will be more confident in reducing risks and meeting regulatory requirements across different sectors.

Conclusion

Dams are vital for human survival. They can be harnessed to provide water supply and electricity. Due to this, expect that there will be more dams built in the foreseeable future.

With that in mind, owners and operators should learn how to keep dams safe and effective to prevent loss of life and property.

Noise Soundproofing vs Noise Cancelling Earbuds: Which One is Better for Work

We live in a noisy and dynamic environment. For that, we are striving that at least in our free time or when in office, we can have our peace and quiet. For that, there are numerous alternatives, such as renovating the office with soundproofing materials, that block the noise from our side as well as from other colleagues, or by some earbuds with noise cancellation options.

Wireless earbuds are pretty new to many people, but their popularity has grown in leaps and bounds over the last half a decade. They are among the recent innovations that have come at the right time- when people are desperate for peace and quiet. These earbuds now have advanced features such as the ability to block out noises so that users can enjoy their music in public spaces without the interference of unwanted background noises. They have the ability to lessen or eliminate car horn sounds, noises from chatty colleagues, or even music in the streets.

If this is the first time you are considering acquiring these advanced earbuds, you probably have come across two unfamiliar terms- noise soundproofing and noise-canceling earbuds. You are now curious to know how different the two are and which one is the best option for your noise-drowning needs. Well, they both reduce noise and the key difference is in how well they do it. They are also made of different soundproofing materials and with different technologies.

Nevertheless, it is important for businesses and organizations that constantly tend to boost and improve their workers’ productivity, to invest in offices that are soundproof from exterior noise and do not bother their workers.

There are multiple alternatives that companies can use to soundproof and absorb noise, some being more expensive and some more affordable. One affordable method that can be applied is using plants. Studies have shown that plants have a very high absorbing power of noise, where it leaves divert the noise and in this context absorb it. This, for businesses, presents an advantage, given that they also have benefits such as releasing oxygen and making the work environment look better. However, if the office does not have much natural light, make sure to use LED Grow Light, which will enable the plants to grow indoors without natural light.

How Soundproofing Earbuds Work

Noise soundproofing is the basic technology of drowning background noises. These earbuds work by sealing off your ear canal so that any extra ambient noise is blocked from accessing the ear canal. Your ear is isolated from your immediate surroundings.

How Noise Cancelling Earbuds Work

Noise cancellation does more than just isolate your ear. These earbuds come with a more advanced functional design that creates an anti-noise barrier around your ears. This technology emits signals that neutralize sound waves around your ear, so that no sound gets to your ear canal.

Which Earbuds are Better For Work?

Which wireless earbuds will work best for your needs: noise cancelling or noise soundproofing? In all fairness, both work impressively well in reducing noise. Each of them is unique from the other, so it is impossible to say that one is better than the other. We shall look at the differences that define each of them and then you will choose the one that best suits your preferences.

1. Noise reduction abilities

Soundproofing earbuds muffles sounds with an intensity of 30 decibels and below. Noise-canceling earbuds can muffle external sounds with an intensity of 85 decibels or even more. To give you an idea of what decibels mean, a human being speaking normally will produce a noise of 15-20 decibels. That is to mean that soundproofing earbuds will drown out noises in a chatty office, but they won’t be too effective in a busy airport. Noise-canceling earbuds will effectively cancel out an airplane that takes off with noises of around 80 decibels.

However, some low-cost noise-canceling earbuds are made from cheap soundproofing materials, so they allow more than necessary ambient noise to pass through. The active technology that helps these earbuds to reduce noise intensity cannot be 100% effective without quality soundproofing material. There are some high-end noise soundproofing earbuds that outdo low-cost noise-canceling earbuds in this regard.

2. Quality of sound

In this aspect, noise soundproofing and noise-canceling earbuds are almost at par. They both give you the best quality sound, both in noisy places and in isolated environments. Even if you aren’t fond of using earbuds when traveling or in the office, you can still buy the best budget noise-cancelling headphones for domestic use.

Ensure that you buy from reputable brands and dealers because cheap earbuds might not give you the best quality sound. Brands that manufacture earbuds using low-quality soundproofing materials sometimes exacerbate the noises instead of eliminating them.

3. Power Consumption

Because noise soundproofing earbuds are designed to block out external noise without canceling it, they are basically mechanical in nature. Noise-canceling earbuds, on the other hand, need electrical energy in order to create magnetic waves that then cancel out sound waves. They come with chargeable batteries that you have to charge your noise-canceling earbuds occasionally.

4. Price

As you can guess, maintaining noise-canceling earbuds is more expensive than maintaining soundproofing earbuds because of their difference in power consumption. The upfront cost of noise-canceling earbuds is also higher than soundproofing earbuds due to the extra technology they come with.

Conclusion

There you have it! As you can see, both earbuds are way better than wire earbuds. If not for anything else, they make the user appear sophisticated and cool. They both make your music sound pretty good too. Whichever decision you make, you can bet that you will get the best value for your money.

How to Protect Transgender Employees in the Workplace

When you think about workplace safety, what comes to mind? Perhaps it’s being issued protective equipment to reduce injury, processes to report employer misconduct, or a clear and concise evacuation plan in the event of a fire or other emergency.

For many of us, feeling safe at work is something we’ve become accustomed to and may take for granted. But for others, especially members of minority groups and the LGBTQ community, workplace safety can feel like an afterthought.

This is certainly true for transgender individuals. Transgender – or trans – is the term used for people whose gender identity is different from the sex assigned to them at birth. Some trans people identify as trans men or trans women; others describe themselves using descriptive terms including non-binary, genderqueer, gender non-conforming, agender, or bigender. One in three Americans know someone who is transgender – these are our friends and family members, our neighbors, our peers, and our colleagues.

transgender employees

Challenges Facing The Transgender Community

The trans community faces tremendous stigma in society, and discrimination against transgender people is all too common in school settings and the workplace. The Center for America Progress notes that “90 percent of transgender workers report some form of harassment or mistreatment on the job” due to their gender identity. This includes being overlooked or fired from a job, having received a negative performance review or been denied a promotion, or verbally or physically abused.

Employers should familiarize themselves with the challenges facing their trans employees. Doing so can help ensure employers are in compliance with federal, state, and local laws established to help protect the trans community, but also with the goal of creating a healthy workplace environment for all.

1. Gender Dysphoria

Some trans people might experience something called gender dysphoria. Gender dysphoria refers to the discomfort and distress felt among individuals whose gender identity differs from their sex assigned at birth. This condition can become debilitating and interfere with day-to-day activities. Mind Diagnostics offers a confidential test that may be helpful when looking to determine if you’re experiencing gender dysphoria. Based on the results, you can work with your doctor to help manage your feelings.

2. Violence

The rate of discrimination against trans people at the workplace is staggering, and stigma and harassment are also rampant in society. In some cases, harassment can become violent and even life-threatening. According to Human Rights Campaign, the rate of violence perpetrated against trans people is more severe than that against the average person. The majority of transgender people have experienced violence at the hands of an intimate partner, and 47% have been sexually assaulted. Nearly 30 trans and gender non-conforming people were violently killed in 2020.

3. Lack of Healthcare Coverage

The U.S. healthcare system falls short when it comes to serving the trans community. Human Rights Campaign Foundation data shows 22% of trans people and 32% of trans people of color live without health insurance and 29% have been refused healthcare because of their gender identity.

4. Poverty

Studies show that 29% of trans adults live in poverty, and this figure increases for trans people in the Black, Latinx, Alaska Native, Asian, Native Americans, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander communities.

Workplace Discrimination Against Transgender People Is Illegal

The Supreme Court ruled in 2020 that federal law prohibits anti-transgender discrimination in the workplace (Bostock v. Clayton County). Yet, more work is needed to ensure all employees are properly protected.

The National Center for Transgender Equality offers helpful information about transgender rights and the avenues transgender individuals can pursue should they be discriminated against at work. In summary:

  • Federal law makes it illegal to fire, refuse to hire, harass, or otherwise discriminate due to gender identity, gender transition, sex assigned at birth, or transgender status.
  • Trans people have a right not to be fired or refused a job or promotion because they are transgender.
  • Severe or widespread sex-based harassment is unlawful when an employer does not take steps to stop it. Harassment may include jokes or derogatory comments, intentional misuse of names or pronouns, and invasive or disrespectful personal questions.
  • Trans people have the right to safe and adequate access to restrooms and other facilities consistent with their gender identity.
  • Employers cannot prohibit or force a trans person from disclosing their transgender status or gender identity, nor can they disclose someone’s transgender status without consent.

How to Increase Welding Safety?

Welding can be particularly dangerous to those operating the equipment and others around the site if proper safety procedures aren’t used, risks aren’t considered, and safety standards aren’t met.

If you are reviewing how you can conduct welding tasks in a safer way, here are some major hazards to bear in mind and the personal protective equipment (PPE) designed to combat them.

Think about common hazards when welding

1. Welding in confined spaces

When operating in a confined environment, there is a serious risk that there could be a lack of oxygen that could result in an accident or injury.

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The gases which are used in welding, such as argon, CO2, and nitrogen, can displace the air within an enclosed space, creating a risk of passing out.

Consider whether the work can be carried out without needing to enter the space, and if this isn’t possible then use a safe system of work and establish a rescue plan.

2. Exposure to gases and fumes

As well as gases creating suffocation risks, other gaseous fumes can damage your lungs. The level of damage will depend on the gas, but occupational asthma, pneumonia, and even cancer are all associated with specific fumes.

3. Electric shock

This is potentially the most serious risk with arc welding. Both TIG and MIG welders carry a risk of electric shock when used improperly, as live electrical circuits are utilised to heat the metals for welding.

Whether through a direct shock or through touching part of the welding, it could result in serious injury or fatality. Certain conditions, such as wearing damp clothing or being surrounded by metal flooring, can increase this risk.

4. Burns

As you’d likely expect from working with high-temperature welding arcs and molten metals, severe burns can occur when welding. These can happen incredibly fast if you’re not careful and skip safety protocols.

5. Fires and explosions

In addition to burning the person welding, sparks generated can fly as far as 35 feet away from the welding area. Combined with the extreme temperatures created, this can start fires if given the chance.

Inspect for and remove any flammable materials from the nearby areas – this could be liquids like petrol, solids such as wood and paper, or gases including hydrogen and propane.

6. Excessive noise

Prolonged exposure to loud noises exceeding 85dB(A) can do permanent damage to your hearing, with welding being capable of reaching over 100dB(A). Without proper hearing defence, you could experience noise-induced hearing loss.

7. UV exposure and infrared radiation

When welding, the bloom of UV light which is produced can damage your eyesight. This is why welders need eye protection and welding curtains to prevent this. Long-term effects could lead to a loss of vision, cataracts or foreign bodies entering the eye.

Wear proper welding PPE for safety precautions

Employers have a responsibility to provide proper PPE to any employees tasked with carrying out welding tasks, helping to prevent bodily harm and keep people safe.

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1. Welding helmets

This will shield you from all manner of hazards – UV radiation, debris, chemical burns, etc. Ensure your helmet is fitted with the correct lens to combat the type of work you’ll be doing and adjust the filter to get a balance between visibility and proper protection.

2. Respirators

Use the right form of respirator to protect your respiratory system from the oxides and fumes which will be generated by the work you will carry out.

3. Fire resistant clothing

As burns can occur quickly in a welding environment, fire resistant clothing is needed to shield you from heat, fire and radiation. This needs to cover any pockets and feature no cuffs where things could get caught inside. Do not roll up sleeves or the ends of trousers as the folds could trap molten metals.

4. Ear defenders

Make sure that ear protection is worn to protect you from noise generated in your workplace and use fire resistant earmuffs where there could be a risk of something entering your ear canal.

5. Worker boots and gloves

These need to meet the required standards for the workplace to provide adequate protection. Gloves need to be insulated and flame resistance to protect from shocks and heat, while boots should be rubber-soled and feature steel-toecaps to further insulate from electricity as well as shielding your feet from heavy objects.

Welding gloves don’t offer enough mobility for delicate tasks, so the welder should have options. A well-fitting pair of chemical-resistant nitrile gloves is essential for work that requires precision and a soft touch, such as mixing chemicals and applying paints, stains, and other solvents.

Conclusion

By being aware of the potential hazards and what PPE is needed when welding, you can implement further safety measures that take these things into full consideration, whether you’re in an industrial environment or working at home in a workshop.

How to Make a Construction Site Safe?

Site safety should be your number one priority when setting up a construction site. If you are starting a new project and need some guidance on how to make your site safety compliant, we have rounded up a quick guide to create a safety compliant construction site in line with the Health and Safety Executive’s regulations.

Site rules and induction

It is essential that all construction personnel are briefed and trained in the site-specific safety rules and partake in a site safety induction.

Site rules should be clear and easy to understand for all personnel. If you have employees on site whose mother tongue is not English, you must provide the site rules in other languages to make them clear for these employees.

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Every construction site employee must be given an appropriate site induction, including any tours of the site, training videos and practical training exercises applicable to your construction site.

Traffic management

For large sites that will have vehicles moving about them, it is absolutely vital that you have a traffic management system in place to ensure the safety of people on site.

This should include clearly demarcated routes for vehicles and for employees on foot. Warning systems for vehicles moving about on site and specific parking spaces for site vehicles.

Protective equipment

As a construction site employer, you must provide your employees with the correct personal protective equipment. This could include hard hats and high-visibility clothing to ensure they are noticeable on site.

You should also be providing first aid supplies, a registered first aider and other emergency equipment such as eye washes should an accident occur on site.

In addition, it is now important that you provide the proper personal protective equipment to mitigate the risks to your employees from airborne viruses. This could include masks, visors, and hand sanitizers or sanitizing sprays to kill germs.

Waste management

Undoubtedly, your construction site will generate waste and debris that will need to be managed properly. Domestic waste from site offices and staff areas should be separated for recycling and disposed of under the local council’s guidance.

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Chemical and industrial waste should be handled efficiently too. It is important that you have a waste management contract in place with a reputable provider before you start work on site.

For more information on how to keep your site safety compliant, visit the Health and Safety Executive website for the construction industry.

What is a Nitrogen Generator and Why Should You Buy One?

For many businesses, nitrogen gas is deeply integrated into the workday. Industries ranging from food processing to mining use this resource regularly, and the supply of it is essential to the core of operations. Unfortunately, traditional nitrogen gas acquisition requires the rental, delivery, installation, and removal of high-pressure cylinders. Canisters are inefficient, causing a lapse in production if delivery is late or supply is low. This process is not only more expensive than it needs to be, but it also creates more opportunities for workplace injuries.

Nitrogen generators, on the other hand, offer a better option. If your company is a regular user of nitrogen systems, consider installing your own nitrogen generator to enjoy the extensive benefits they provide.

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What is a Nitrogen Generator?

Before exploring the many advantages of on-site nitrogen generation, it’s imperative to know what a nitrogen generator is and how it works. These machines perform processes called Pressure Swing Adsorption (PSA) and Membrane Technology, which extract nitrogen from the air and compress it.

Nitrogen generators offer a continuous flow of pure nitrogen right to your production floor and eliminate any need to wait for canister deliveries or remain at the mercy of supplier prices. While the resource provided is essentially the same, the generator produces the nitrogen rather than having it transported in cylinders.

Uses of a Nitrogen Generator

There are many applications for nitrogen gas across a variety of industries. Any industry that currently uses nitrogen canister, cylinder, dewar, or liquid deliveries can benefit from an in-house nitrogen generation system. Depending on what line of business you’re in, a nitrogen gas generator can work seamlessly into your manufacturing process in different ways.

One of the most common industries for nitrogen gas is food and beverage production. Nitrogen helps to preserve food inside its packaging and extend its shelf life. This is doubly important for bulk food products that might be stored for longer periods, as well as foods that don’t include preservatives in their ingredient lists.

The wine industry also benefits from nitrogen, as it helps keep the wine from going bad. In a non-consumable sense, nitrogen also extends the shelf life of things like paint and household solvents and prevents moisture and condensation in electronic part production. Additionally, nitrogen plays an integral role in quality assurance and consistency. On-site generators allow you to perform all of these tasks and more without a third-party supplier.

Why Make the Switch?

While disrupting and changing your current process can seem daunting, owning a nitrogen generator has numerous benefits that far outweigh any reservations you may have. The advantages of a nitrogen generator are widespread and touch on nearly every aspect of your business.

nitrogen-applications

Below are the primary benefits of switching to an in-house nitrogen generator:

1. Improved Safety

Replacing and transporting nitrogen cylinders presents a safety hazard to your team. Nitrogen generators stabilize the gas, so you don’t have to worry about explosions or injuries. In fact, they’re so safe that they can be installed right on the floor of your production room where they’re needed most. There is no risk to your employees’ wellbeing.

2. Unparalleled Reliability

Unlike canisters, cylinders, dewars, and liquid methods, nitrogen generators produce an infinite supply of gas, so you never have to worry about pausing production to wait for a delivery. While local nitrogen deliveries can run out or run late, a generator system keeps up with your demand and works on your schedule.

3. Fewer Wasted Resources

Approximately 10 to 20 percent of a canister’s, cylinder’s, dewar’s or liquid method’s nitrogen gas is left unused. This can lead to higher costs and waste production levels. Generators do not have this issue, so you can rest assured that all of your reserves are being used efficiently.

4. Increased Savings

While canisters, cylinders, dewars, and liquid methods come with expensive rental and delivery fees and restrictive contracts, generators require very little beyond their initial cost. In fact, most companies see a return on investment in under two years.

After the initial investment is recouped, generators cost about one-tenth of the price of canisters, cylinders, dewars, and liquid methods per year. That’s a 90 percent difference in operating costs, which creates a significant surplus for most companies.

5. Customization Options

Canister, cylinders, dewars, and liquid methods are one-size-fits-all, but generators can be tailored to meet your exact requirements. This means that your machine will work at maximum efficiency, producing the precise amount of gas you need to maintain operations.

Bottom Line

Nitrogen generators can revolutionize your company’s production process, lowering your utility costs and improving your efficiency. Without dealing with the hassles of nitrogen cylinder delivery, you can grow your business to new heights.

How To Raise Security In The Digital Space?

Recent world events related to Covid-19 have radically changed the lives of people around the world. Businesses have to adjust to rapidly changing conditions, and organizing remote work has become a serious challenge for many companies. In the wake of the pandemic, the surge in cybercrime has made this process even more difficult. Many entrepreneurs are deeply immersed in the processes of how to properly set up ads, buy real Instagram followers, store money on the exchange, but they neglect the security setting and do not know how to protect their accounts and online wallets from hacking. There is a basic set of rules which, if applied systematically, will ensure you a zone where there is no risk.

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What are the types of cyber threats?

Statistically, people with the same occupation or lifestyle have approximately similar threat patterns. If a person is different from the general level, for instance, he is engaged in entrepreneurial activity, he will have different risks.

The most common tool of cybercriminals is malware. They create it themselves so that they can use it to damage the user’s computer, or disable it. Hundreds of thousands of bots scan the network for vulnerable systems, access with weak passwords, open databases, and send tons of spam with malicious attachments. Malware can be different. There are programs such as viruses that infect files with malicious code. In order to spread inside the computer system, they copy themselves. There are adware programs that can spread malware. Another type is spyware, programs that secretly monitor user actions and collect information, such as credit card data.

Hacker’s use this spyware to commit identity theft to leverage some form of financial gain. Identity theft victims should immediately contact their bank if they suspect their identity may be compromised. Once the bank has been notified victims can should consider credit repair specialist to help reverse the damage of identity theft on their credit scores. Credit repair specialist often offer free consultations and can be accessed online at sites like creditsage.com

It is very common for people to be targeted by phishing attacks, the purpose of which is to trick users into obtaining confidential information. In such attacks, criminals send emails to victims posing as an official organization. This activity generates billions of dollars from simple user inattention.

There are Man-in-the-Middle attacks, during which a cybercriminal intercepts data during its transmission. He becomes an intermediate link in the chain, and the victims do not even know about it. You can be exposed to such an attack if you connect to an unsecured Wi-Fi network.

How to improve cybersecurity?

First, use antivirus, even if you are a very attentive user, never install any third-party software, and the list of sites you visit is limited to a few very reliable ones. Your computer may be infected simply because your browser has installed plugins and someone knew they were vulnerable before the update was released. This is not the most common way of spreading malware today, but it does happen. Antivirus is an important security element and can prevent such threats.

Second, use strong passwords. The complexity of passwords directly determines their strength, so it is recommended to use long, random combinations of characters. That way, they can hardly be broken by the enumeration of different options and are not related to the user’s identity. Do not use the same passwords for all email accounts, social networks, and banking services. Ideally, there should be a different combination for each case. It is important to keep passwords in a safe place without free access, for example on a flash drive. Never store passwords in the cloud, and never confirm an action when the browser system asks you to save the password for the next login.

Third, always and everywhere use 2FA. These are one-time passwords that are generated every 30 seconds and are important to enter when you make any important operations. Thus, you have several codes that will be sent to your phone, to email, and from Google Authenticator. If you use them in tandem, this will guarantee maximum protection for any operations.

Fourth, use a VPN. In this way, your IP address changes, and you are inside the virtual network protected if you connect via Wi-Fi or other unprotected connections.

While there are great deals out there for individual VPNs, it takes a lot out of your wallet to secure your business. If you’re a bit short on cash for it, you can consider taking out a loan. You can always go to trusted lending platforms like GetCash. There, you will be able to be connected to trusted lenders for any financing needs you may have, including keeping your businesses safe.

How to avoid a social engineering attack?

At the word “cybersecurity” most people think of how to protect themselves from hackers exploiting technical vulnerabilities in networks. But there is another way to infiltrate organizations and networks – through human weaknesses. This is social engineering, a way to trick someone into revealing information or giving access to data. For example, someone who poses himself as a support employee might ask users for their passwords. Very often people voluntarily give this data, especially if they think that the request comes from an authorized person.

How To Ensure Digital Security

Social engineers often use the illusion of urgency in the hope that the victim will not think much about what is happening. So, just a minute of thinking can help you identify and prevent an attack.

Do not rush to provide data by phone or follow the link. Better call the official number or go to the official website. Use a different contact method to verify the source’s credibility. For example, if a friend asks for money in an e-mail, write or call him on the phone to make sure that the letter is really from him.

Think about your digital footprint. By publishing a lot of personal information on the Internet, you help attackers. To get started, you can view your pages on social networks and clear them of personal data that can be used by attackers: addresses, phone numbers, names and ages of children and parents, information about expensive purchases, and so on.

Social engineering attacks are extremely dangerous because they occur in completely ordinary situations. However, if you fully understand their mechanism and take basic precautions, you are much less likely to become their victim.

To sum up, the rules mentioned above will help you to know how to reduce the likelihood of cyberattacks. Remember that security is one of the fundamental aspects of digital hygiene, and it should not be neglected.

Methods for Hydrogen Sulphide Removal from Biogas

The major contaminant in biogas is H2S which is both poisonous and corrosive, and causes significant damage to piping, equipment and instrumentation. The concentration of various components of biogas has an impact on its ultimate end use. While boilers can withstand concentrations of H2S up to 1000 ppm, and relatively low pressures, internal combustion engines operate best when H2S is maintained below 100 ppm.

The common methods for hydrogen sulphide removal from biogas are internal to the anaerobic digestion process – air/oxygen dosing to digester biogas and iron chloride dosing to digester slurry.

Biological Desulphurization

Biological desulphurization of biogas can be performed by using micro-organisms. Most of the sulphide oxidising micro-organisms belong to the family of Thiobacillus. For the microbiological oxidation of sulphide it is essential to add stoichiometric amounts of oxygen to the biogas. Depending on the concentration of hydrogen sulphide this corresponds to 2 to 6 % air in biogas.

biogas-desulphurization

The simplest method of desulphurization is the addition of oxygen or air directly into the digester or in a storage tank serving at the same time as gas holder. Thiobacilli are ubiquitous and thus systems do not require inoculation. They grow on the surface of the digestate, which offers the necessary micro-aerophilic surface and at the same time the necessary nutrients. They form yellow clusters of sulphur. Depending on the temperature, the reaction time, the amount and place of the air added the hydrogen sulphide concentration can be reduced by 95 % to less than 50 ppm.

Biogas Bus

Measures of safety have to be taken to avoid overdosing of air in case of pump failures. Biogas in air is explosive in the range of 6 to 12 %, depending on the methane content). In steel digesters without rust protection there is a small risk of corrosion at the gas/liquid interface.

Iron Chloride Dosing

Iron chloride can be fed directly to the digester slurry or to the feed substrate in a pre-storage tank. Iron chloride then reacts with produced hydrogen sulphide and form iron sulphide salt (particles). This method is extremely effective in reducing high hydrogen sulphide levels but less effective in attaining a low and stable level of hydrogen sulphide in the range of vehicle fuel demands.

In this respect the method with iron chloride dosing to digester slurry can only be regarded as a partial removal process in order to avoid corrosion in the rest of the upgrading process equipment. The method need to be complemented with a final removal down to about 10 ppm.

The investment cost for such a H2S removal process is limited since the only investment needed is a storage tank for iron chloride solution and a dosing pump. On the other hand the operational cost will be high due to the prime cost for iron chloride.

The Pros and Cons Of CCTV Cameras

Today, everyone requires a sublime level of security and privacy. From celebrities protecting their personal lives to businessmen using software to enhance security, the world is progressing towards a more secure environment.

People take basic steps to improve privacy in their regular living schedule. But, when it comes to protection, you might think of only one thing – CCTV cameras. They protect people from unwanted and heinous activities. It acts as a shield daily. Apart from the essential utility of protecting and watching over the surroundings, CCTV cameras have different uses, pros, and disadvantages.

To improve the efficiency and effectiveness of these cameras, roadside installed solar light with CCTV camera trends are coming into the market. They are not easily identifiable, which gives an edge over regular CCTV cameras.

pros and cons of CCTV camera

There are many such trends in CCTVs emerging nowadays. Thieves, murderers, and many people identify the red light of the CCTV camera very quickly and avoid doing certain restricted things.

4 Crucial Advantages of CCTV Cameras

The following points outline the significant pros and benefits of having a CCTV camera.

1. Identification of Crime

The most significant advantage of placing a CCTV camera in your locality or business location is that it can help avoid crimes. They can give you the whole nearby angle of others’ houses and shops.

You can locate the culprit with ultra-clear cameras. It helps the policemen and various authorities to find the mischief-makers redhanded. These cameras are highly beneficial whenever you feel that your home or office is becoming an easy target for illegal activity.

2. Control Over Daily Activities

You can conveniently place these cameras anywhere with a wire and power connection. This convenience helps people in monitoring the daily activities of any place. At the workplace, it helps in finding how productive your workforce is.

Placing these cameras at suitable locations in your office will help draft employment policies. These decisions include which employee to promote and demote, which employee should be fired, reward systems, etc. You can visit places keeping a constant look at your home or office activities.

3. Collection of Evidence

Visuals on a CCTV camera can act as evidence at the time of any crime or illegal activity. Sometimes, false statements can be nullified with events captured on the camera. There are many cameras that provide audio features as well.

In the court of law, when a person is required to record their statement, they might forget an essential detail. They might even twist some details to put it in favor of a party. Only a CCTV device can judge the accuracy of these details. Therefore, it functions as an evidence collector.

4. Match Your Records

Your security guard or watchman might miss out on daily recording who is entering or exiting the building. You can match their records with the accurate information provided by the camera. The date and time of any event can be seen through these records. These can further boost any investigation process.

4 Critical Downsides of CCTV Cameras

The following points are the most notable cons of a CCTV camera:

1. Privacy as a Double-Edged Sword

Protection and security is a vital component of these cameras. But, sometimes, these lead to disgraceful controversies. In the professional world, people or employees complain about their privacy being monitored constantly. This privacy exposure is done without their prior consent.

These issues lead to various problems at the workplace. Even at home, there have been cases where people have complained about the roadside public camera. It poses a threat to their privacy. This acts as one of the major downsides of these cameras.

2. Not Cost-Effective

There are dummy cameras as well as real cameras. The former will cost you very little. They are pocket-friendly. On the other hand, real CCTV cameras can be costly. The ones with more features and technicalities will cost you more.

CCTV cameras embedded in solar lights are more expensive than the real ones. It is recommended to buy these solar-powered lights or cameras from reputed companies like HlcBattery to get the best deal.

3. Self-Stabbing

CCTV cameras can act as self-stabbing devices. In other words, criminals can themselves fix these cameras to look at the victim. If they are high-end software engineers or programmers, they can hack the CCTV system or disconnect them to aid their crime further. Therefore, the camera is not a full-fledged protection provider.

4. Unable To End The Crime On The Spot

You can prove crime scene evidence in the court of law and give justice to the victim through these devices. But, you cannot stop the crime from happening. For example, if a murder or theft is being committed, the device will not help stop the crime on the spot. Unlike alarm systems, these do not alert the surroundings about the crime happening on the spot.

Tips To Prepare Your Tires in The Winter

Some drivers may find it difficult to use their cars during the winter. In several areas, the winter is likely to be more hazardous than other ones with snow-covered and icy roads. These weather conditions make roads more challenging than ever.

Yet, your car tires can be the key factors that decide how challenging your experience will be. So, how to take care of your car tires during winter? This article is going to give you some tips and help you prepare your car tires well for the winter weather.

Prepare Your Tires in The Winter

What Kinds of Tires Should We Use in The Winter?

Normally, the car tires are designed differently for each purpose and each road condition. Thus, you should check the types of your car’s tires to have a good preparation before setting off your journey.

1. Snow tires

Snow tires can provide traction the most among all types. Also, you can take advantage of handling control and braking when driving on ice and snow in the winter if you use these tires.

Drivers’ preference is mainly the snow tires due to their features. They can stay pliable and grip the road well in the cold temperature. However, these tires should be used when the snow season starts and removed when the weather becomes warmer.

2. All-weather tires

There are two main models of all-weather tires including one for light snow or rain and one for more hazardous conditions. Some challenging conditions are moderate snow or mud.

The traction of these tires is better than other types of thanks to their tread. The tread can expel water well. Although they are quite supple in the cold weather, they cannot provide much more traction than the snow tires do.

3. All season tires

These tires can provide moderate traction in a lot of conditions such as rain, light snow. Yet, we cannot use them in extreme weather. In other words, we should use this type of tire when the temperature stays above freezing.

Besides, the all-season tires are made of hard compounds so that they can serve you for a long time. They become hardened and offer less traction when the temperature is about 40 degrees Fahrenheit and below.

4. Studded tires

There are small metal points equipped with the tread of these tires. This feature can pierce and grip ice and snow. However, you cannot drive them smoothly on the sidewalk and some states do not allow you to use them.

Some Tips for Tire Maintenance

1. Regular tire tread checking

If you want your car tires to grip the road better, you should pay attention to their treads. According to the NHTSA, the tread depth is 2/32 of an inch at least. To test the tread depth, you can put a coin into a groove of the tread.

But how to use the coin? Keep the coin between your forefinger and your thumb so that you can see Lincoln’s head. If you see the tread obscure Lincoln’s head, it means your car tire tread is safe to use. In case Lincoln’s head is seen, you should replace a new tire.

Tips for Tire Maintenance in Winter

2. Learn to use the tire gauge

Generally, car tires will lose around 1 psi monthly. Moreover, the gas mileage will suffer in case the tires are underinflated. That is when you need to use the tire gauge.

To use the tire gauge, you should take the valve cap off the tire first. Then, you put the open end of the gauge on the valve and apply pressure. At the same time, you should look at the measurement to stop at the right time.

There is a bar measuring psi and it is near to the gauge. It is better to check the pressure the tire is cold so that you will have an accurate result. One more tip is that you should check when your car does not drive for three hours at least.

3. Ensure the tires are appropriately inflated

If your car tires are not properly inflated, you might encounter some problems with the handling. Especially, when the temperature drops, your tire may lose pressure. So that is why you must check the pressure of your tires regularly during the winter.

You can find the proper pressure number for your car’s tires in the manual or inside the car’s door. Besides the tire gauge, you can use the air compressor in order to inflate your car tires. In case they are overinflated, you had better use a small bead to release the air.

4. Learn about the pressure alert

Nowadays, almost all vehicles are equipped with all kinds of sensors. Take the battery and low fuel as examples in this situation. Also, the new model has a monitoring system so that you see the alert if the pressure falls under 25%.

The light will encircle nearly with an exclamation point. So, when you see this alert, it is advised to test the psi and fill the tires to the proper level.

5. Rotate the car tires

If the wheels of your car tires do not have a different size on both the front and back sides, you should rotate them more often. It is recommended to rotate each 8,000 to 12,000 kilometers.

When rotating, the back wheel should move forward the front and vice versa. By doing that, you can distribute the tear or wear evenly. Simultaneously, you should ask for advice from the mechanic and have him check the tire alignment.

Verdict

Briefly, you should follow the tips mentioned above for your safety when driving in the winter. The most important tip is to install snow tires for your car to ensure traction. Besides, you can use tires with snowflakes and mountain icons.

Hopefully, you can make use of these tips and be contented with this article on how to take care of your car tires during winter.